Impact of adjuvant gemcitabine plus S-1 chemotherapy after surgical resection for adenocarcinoma of the body or tail of the pancreas.
ABSTRACT Few patients with pancreatic body or tail carcinoma are candidates for surgical resection, and the efficacy of postoperative adjuvant chemotherapy for patients with pancreatic body or tail carcinoma has not been elucidated. The aim of this study was to determine the effect of adjuvant gemcitabine and S-1 therapy for patients with adenocarcinoma of the body or tail of the pancreas who had undergone surgical resection by distal pancreatectomy.
Medical records of 34 patients with pancreatic body or tail carcinoma who underwent surgical resection were reviewed retrospectively. Eighteen patients received postoperative adjuvant gemcitabine and S-1 chemotherapy. Univariate and multivariate models were used to analyze the effect of various clinicopathological factors on long-term survival.
There were no deaths due to surgery. Overall, 1-, 2-, and 5-year survival rates were 69%, 40%, and 25%, respectively (median survival time, 14.4 months). Univariate analysis revealed that adjuvant gemcitabine plus S-1 chemotherapy, blood transfusion, splenic artery invasion, lymph node metastasis, surgical margin status, and International Union Against Cancer stage were associated significantly with long-term survival (P < 0.05). Furthermore, use of a Cox proportional hazards regression model indicated that adjuvant gemcitabine plus S-1 chemotherapy and absence of lymph node metastasis were significant independent predictors of a favorable prognosis (P < 0.05).
Postoperative adjuvant gemcitabine plus S-1 chemotherapy may improve survival after surgical resection for pancreatic body or tail carcinoma.