Poly(carbonate ester)s Based on Units of 6-Hydroxyhexanoic Acid and Glycerol

Macromolecules (Impact Factor: 5.93). 09/2007; 40(20). DOI: 10.1021/ma071276v
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    ABSTRACT: Organoboron polymers play important roles in biomedical applications. An ample number of monomers bearing boronic acid derivatives have been synthesized, particularly focusing on controlled free radical polymerization methods. Organoboron polymers synthesized by ring-opening polymerization (ROP) routes are far less explored. We report on the ROP of boronic acid-installed cyclic carbonates, catalyzed by DBU from a poly(ethylene glycol) macroinitiator. Controlled polymerization proceeded to relatively high conversions (70%) with low polydispersity. Deprotection of the copolymer to generate the boronic acid pendant group was readily achieved by displacement of the protecting group with free diboronic acid. The resulting amphiphilic copolymers self-assembled in water into spherical nanoparticles or vesicles, depending on hydrophilic/hydrophobic ratio. We envision these functional carbonates finding direct applications for core stabilization of biodegradable amphiphilic assemblies or in drug and protein encapsulation.
    ACS Macro Letters 03/2014; 3(4):353–358. · 5.24 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The biomedical applications of poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCL) were limited for its high hydrophobicity and crystallinity. In this study, we copolymerized CL with amorphous 5-hydroxyl-trimethylene carbonate (HTMC) to solve the problem. The 5-benzyloxy-trimethylene carbonate (BTMC) was synthesized to copolymerize with CL, then hydrogenolyzed to obtain hydroxyl pendant groups. A serial of copolymers with different BTMC molar ratio were synthesized and their chemical structures and thermal properties were thoroughly studied with NMR, FT-IR, GPC, XRD, DSC, and TGA. Finally we examined the water contact angle of the copolymers. DSC and XRD results showed that the PCL segments in the copolymers crystallized below 16.8%. BTMC molar content and the crystallinity of the copolymers increased after hydrolysis. With the introduced hydroxyl pendant groups, the deprotected copolymers improved their hydrophilic property significantly, and the copolymer with 9.3% HTMC molar content had static water contact angle as low as 36.5°. © 2011 Wiley Periodicals, Inc. J Appl Polym Sci, 2012
    Journal of Applied Polymer Science 02/2012; 123(4). · 1.40 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Superhydrophobic, porous, 3D materials composed of poly(ϵ-caprolactone) (PCL) and the hydrophobic polymer dopant poly(glycerol monostearate-co-ϵ-caprolactone) (PGC-C18) are fabricated using the electrospinning technique. These 3D materials are distinct from 2D superhydrophobic surfaces, with maintenance of air at the surface as well as within the bulk of the material. These superhydrophobic materials float in water, and when held underwater and pressed, an air bubble is released and will rise to the surface. By changing the PGC-C18 doping concentration in the meshes and/or the fiber size from the micro- to nanoscale, the long-term stability of the entrapped air layer is controlled. The rate of water infiltration into the meshes, and the resulting displacement of the entrapped air, is quantitatively measured using X-ray computed tomography. The properties of the meshes are further probed using surfactants and solvents of different surface tensions. Finally, the application of hydraulic pressure is used to quantify the breakthrough pressure to wet the meshes. The tools for fabrication and analysis of these superhydrophobic materials as well as the ability to control the robustness of the entrapped air layer are highly desirable for a number of existing and emerging applications.
    Advanced Functional Materials 08/2013; 23(29). · 10.44 Impact Factor


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