The Rx gene confers resistance to a range of potexviruses in transgenic Nicotiana plants.
ABSTRACT Rx-mediated resistance was analyzed in Rx-expressing transgenic Nicotiana plants. The infection outcome of nine Potato virus X isolates mutated at amino acid positions 121 and 127 of the coat protein (CP) confirmed the key role of these amino acids but provided a more complex picture than previously reported. In particular, in Rx-expressing Nicotiana spp., eliciting activity modulated by amino acid 121 was conditioned by the nature of amino acid 127. These results suggest that the specificity of recognition might be modulated by host factors that are somehow subtly modified between Rx-expressing potato and Rx-expressing transgenic Nicotiana plants. Moreover, the CP of three Potexviruses, Narcissus mosaic virus (NMV), White clover mosaic virus (WClMV), and Cymbidium mosaic virus (CymMV), are all recognized by the Rx-based machinery and able to trigger an Rx-dependant hypersensitive response. A smaller elicitor of 90 amino acids was identified in the CP of NMV and WClMV, which contains the previously identified key positions 121 and 127. This elicitor is only weakly conserved (approximately 40% identity) among the CP of the various recognized viruses, suggesting that the Rx molecular machinery targets a conserved structural element of the Potexvirus CP rather than a conserved amino acid motif.
- SourceAvailable from: Michael RozanovNucleic Acids Research 12/1988; 16(22):10929-30. · 8.28 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Many plant disease resistance (R) genes encode proteins predicted to have an N-terminal coiled-coil (CC) domain, a central nucleotide-binding site (NBS) domain and a C-terminal leucine-rich repeat (LRR) domain. These CC-NBS-LRR proteins recognize specific pathogen-derived products and initiate a resistance response that often includes a type of cell death known as the hypersensitive response (HR). Co-expression of the potato CC-NBS-LRR protein Rx and its elicitor, the PVX coat protein (CP), results in a rapid HR. Surprisingly, co-expression of the LRR and CC-NBS as separate domains also resulted in a CP-dependent HR. Likewise, the CC domain complemented a version of Rx lacking this domain (NBS- LRR). Correspondingly, the LRR domain interacted physically in planta with the CC-NBS, as did CC with NBS-LRR. Both interactions were disrupted in the presence of CP. However, the interaction between CC and NBS-LRR was dependent on a wild-type P-loop motif, whereas the interaction between CC-NBS and LRR was not. We propose that activation of Rx entails sequential disruption of at least two intramolecular interactions.The EMBO Journal 10/2002; 21(17):4511-9. · 9.82 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Overlap extension represents a new approach to genetic engineering. Complementary oligodeoxyribonucleotide (oligo) primers and the polymerase chain reaction are used to generate two DNA fragments having overlapping ends. These fragments are combined in a subsequent 'fusion' reaction in which the overlapping ends anneal, allowing the 3' overlap of each strand to serve as a primer for the 3' extension of the complementary strand. The resulting fusion product is amplified further by PCR. Specific alterations in the nucleotide (nt) sequence can be introduced by incorporating nucleotide changes into the overlapping oligo primers. Using this technique of site-directed mutagenesis, three variants of a mouse major histocompatibility complex class-I gene have been generated, cloned and analyzed. Screening of mutant clones revealed at least a 98% efficiency of mutagenesis. All clones sequenced contained the desired mutations, and a low frequency of random substitution estimated to occur at approx. 1 in 4000 nt was detected. This method represents a significant improvement over standard methods of site-directed mutagenesis because it is much faster, simpler and approaches 100% efficiency in the generation of mutant product.Gene 05/1989; 77(1):51-9. · 2.20 Impact Factor