Article

Long-term results of bipolar hemiarthroplasty for osteoarthritis of the hip and idiopathic osteonecrosis of the femoral head.

Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Mie University Graduate School of Medicine, 2-174 Edobashi, Tsu, Mie, 514-8507, Japan.
Journal of Orthopaedic Science (Impact Factor: 0.96). 08/2008; 13(4):313-7. DOI: 10.1007/s00776-008-1238-2
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Satisfactory results have been reported from long-term studies on bipolar hemiarthroplasty for femoral neck fracture. However, long-term results of this procedure for osteoarthritis of the hip (OA) and idiopathic necrosis of the femoral head (ION) have given rise to pessimism. These poor results have often reported migration of the bipolar head, but few had described the direction of this migration. The purpose of the present study was to conduct a long-term follow-up analysis of bipolar hemiarthroplasty for OA and ION, including the direction of migration.
We retrospectively reviewed a consecutive series of 64 patients (76 hips) who underwent primary bipolar hemiarthroplasty for symptomatic OA and ION with a cementless femoral component between 1976 and 1995. Of these 64 patients, 35 patients (40 hips) were available for clinical and radiographic review at a minimum follow-up duration of 10 years.
The Japanese Orthopaedic Association score significantly improved and pain relief was high following surgery; however, preservation of acetabular bone stock could not be achieved because of migration. The survival rate declined 10 years after surgery. Superomedial migration was found to be a risk factor for revision, and one factor affecting superomedial migration was the postoperative center edge angle.
The long-term results of bipolar hemiarthroplasty for OA and ION are not favorable. If a sufficient centripetal position is obtained with reaming, the bipolar head tends to migrate superomedially, subsequently requiring revision.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
68 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Bipolar hemiarthroplasty (BHA) for idiopathic osteonecrosis of the femoral head (ONFH) is performed at our institution. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical and radiographic findings after BHA for the treatment of steroid -induced ONFH. Thirty-seven hips in 27 patients were assessed (seven men, 11 hips; 20 women, 26 hips), average patient age at the time of surgery of 42.6 (range 20-83) years, with steroid-induced ONFH treated with BHA between 1995 and 2005. The mean follow-up duration was approximately ten (range five to15) years. Patients were evaluated according to the Japan Orthopaedic Association (JOA) hip score. Kaplan-Meier survivorship was calculated to examine revision arthroplasty failure rate. Radiographic analysis of loosening included radiolucent lines and osteolysis of the acetabulum or femur. Causes of loosening were analysed using multiple logistic regression. JOA hip score increased from 53 points (preoperative) to 87 points (final follow-up). Survival rates were 96.8 % and 78.6 % at ten and 15 years, respectively. Prosthesis loosening occurred on the acetabular side in five hips (13.5 %). No femoral-component loosening was observed. BHA had poor results in patients with Association Research Circulation Osseous (ARCO) stage IV ONFH and in patients under 40 years of age. BHA, with strict surgical indications, may be a good option for treating ONFH. Based on these results, total hip arthroplasty is recommended for patients with ARCO stage IV ONFH or for patients under 40 years of age.
    International Orthopaedics 07/2012; 36(10):2041-7. · 2.32 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: PURPOSE: The long-term results of a bipolar hemiarthroplasty (BHA) for osteonecrosis (ON) of the femoral head have not been favorable. The causes have been attributed to cup migration and osteolysis or groin pain. The purpose of this study was to analyze the long-term outcomes and the survivorships of bipolar hemiarthroplasty applied to Ficat stage III ON. MATERIALS AND METHODS: Between 1985 and 1993, 49 patients (63 hips) underwent cementless BHA for Ficat stage III ON. Of these 49 patients, 43 patients (55 hips) of mean age 42.2 years were available for follow-up review at a mean duration of 20.3 years post operation. Anteroposterior hip serial (including extreme abduction/adduction) radiographs were used to evaluate osteolysis, migration, cartilage wear rate, and the ratio of outer/inner bearing motion (O/I ratio) at the latest follow-up. RESULTS: The mean Harris hip score improved to 80.8 points at the latest follow-up. Survivorship at 24 years was 79 and 69 % with revision for any reason and development of acetabular osteolysis as the end point. Groin pain was present in 20 (36.4 %) of the 55 hips, and isolated groin pain was not a reason for revision. The patients had revision surgery performed, which showed that the cartilage wear rate was significantly high, and that the O/I ratio was significantly low (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION: Survivorship determined in this study was more favorable than that of previous studies, and exceeded expectation. The BHA for Ficat stage III ON is not reliable option anymore, considering low survival rate and high osteolysis developmental rate.
    Archives of Orthopaedic and Trauma Surgery 09/2012; · 1.36 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Hemiarthroplasty has been shown superior to internal fixation for displaced femoral neck fractures (FNF) in the first 2 years. However, there are unanswered questions about the performance of hemiarthroplasty over the longer term compared with internal fixation. We sought to compare hemiarthroplasty with internal fixation in terms of (1) outcomes scores for pain, hip function, and quality of life at a minimum of 5 years after surgery in a randomized trial. A secondary purpose was to compare (2) patient survival and (3) frequency of reoperation in the two groups. A total of 222 consecutive patients older than 60 years, including those cognitively impaired, with FNF were randomized to either internal fixation with two parallel screws or bipolar hemiarthroplasty. At a minimum followup of 4.9 years (mean, 5.9 years; range, 4.9-7.2 years), 68 of the 70 surviving patients were examined by a study nurse and study physiotherapist blinded to initial treatment. Questionnaires on hip function (Harris hip score), quality of life (Eq5D), and activity of daily living function (Barthel ADL) were administered. The Barthel ADL index score was split into good function (score 95 or 100) and reduced function (score below 95). The mean survival of the groups was similar with 66.4% (73 of 110) of the patients undergoing hemiarthroplasty and 70.5% (79 of 112) of the patients undergoing internal fixation having died since surgery (p = 0.51). Only 12 of 31 living patients in the internal fixation group had retained their native hips at a mean of 6 years. Between 2 and 6 years, there were two new major reoperations (both in the internal fixation group, for avascular necrosis and deep wound infection). The mean Harris hip score was 66 (SD 19) and 67 (SD 20) in the internal fixation and hemiarthroplasty groups, respectively (p = 0.96). The mean Eq5D index was 0.50 (SD 0.40) in the internal fixation group and 0.34 (SD 0.36) in the hemiarthroplasty group (p = 0.10). Function in terms of ADLs was comparable between the groups; of the patients in the internal fixation group, 42% reported good function on the Barthel ADL index, and the corresponding number in the hemiarthroplasty group was 51% (p = 0.44). Hemiarthroplasty has predictable and good long-term results after FNF and is the treatment of choice compared with internal fixation. Further studies will evaluate if total hip arthroplasty has advantages over hemiarthroplasty in patients with fracture with long life expectancy. Level II, therapeutic study. See Guidelines for Authors for a complete description of levels of evidence.
    Clinical Orthopaedics and Related Research 08/2013; · 2.79 Impact Factor