Postoperative oral amiodarone versus oral bisoprolol as prophylaxis against atrial fibrillation after coronary artery bypass graft surgery: A prospective randomized trial
ABSTRACT Postoperative atrial fibrillation (AF) occurs in up to 50% of patients undergoing coronary artery bypass (CABG) surgery and is associated with complications. Amiodarone and beta blockers are effective as prophylaxis for AF after CABG. The purpose of this study was to compare oral amiodarone versus oral bisoprolol for prevention of AF after CABG.
In this randomized study, 200 patients admitted for elective CABG were given oral amiodarone (n=98 patients) or oral bisoprolol (n=102 patients) beginning 6 h after surgery. Amiodarone patients received 15 mg/Kg then 7 mg/Kg/day for one month. Bisoprolol patients received 2.5 mg then 2.5 mg bid indefinitely.
Postoperative AF occurred in 15.3% of the patients in the amiodarone group and 12.7% of the patients in the bisoprolol group (p=0.60). Maximal ventricular rate tended to be lower in the bisoprolol group (125+/-6 beats/min) compared with the amiodarone group (144+/-7 beats/min, p=.06). Preoperative beta blockage did not affect AF incidence in either study group. There was no difference between the 2 groups for the onset time of AF episodes, total AF duration, AF recurrence and postoperative length of hospital stay. No serious postoperative complications occurred in the two study groups. Two reversible low cardiac output cases occurred with bisoprolol.
Postoperative oral bisoprolol and amiodarone are equally effective for prophylaxis of AF after CABG. Treatment with bisoprolol resulted in a trend to lower ventricular response rate in AF cases. Both regimens were well tolerated.
- SourceAvailable from: Dimitrios Dougenis
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- "Both study groups were significantly effective in the prevention of post-CABG AF with respect to control group (p < 0.01 in group i and p < 0.001 in group ii versus control). Sleilaty et al , randomized 200, admitted for elective CABG to receive oral amiodarone or oral bisoprolol beggining 6 hrs after surgery. Amiodarone patients received 15 mg/kg, followed by 7 mg/kg/d until discharge and then 200 mg/d for one month. "
ABSTRACT: Atrial Fibrillation (AF) is the most common arrhythmia occurring after cardiac surgery. Its incidence varies depending on type of surgery. Postoperative AF may cause hemodynamic deterioration, predispose to stroke and increase mortality. Effective treatment for prophylaxis of postoperative AF is vital as reduces hospitalization and overall morbidity. Beta-blockers, have been proved to prevent effectively atrial fibrillation following cardiac surgery and should be routinely used if there are no contraindications. Sotalol may be more effective than standard b-blockers for the prevention of AF without causing an excess of side effects. Amiodarone is useful when beta-blocker therapy is not possible or as additional prophylaxis in high risk patients. Other agents such as magnesium, calcium channels blocker or non-antiarrhythmic drugs as glycose-insulin--potassium, non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs, corticosteroids, N-acetylcysteine and statins have been studied as alternative treatment for postoperative AF prophylaxis.Journal of Cardiothoracic Surgery 11/2010; 5(1):121. DOI:10.1186/1749-8090-5-121 · 1.03 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: A case of prolongation of the QT interval and associated life-threatening ventricular arrhythmia is presented. The particular features of this case include HIV positivity, acute coronary ischemia, and treatment with drugs known to increase QT interval. The relationship between these potential causes is analyzed and discussed. This is the first report of such a complication of combined therapy with amiodarone and antiretroviral medication. Keywords Acquired long QT; torsades de pointes; ventricular fibrillation; drug interaction; highly active antiretroviral therapy.
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ABSTRACT: Atrial fibrillation (AF) is one of the most common arrhythmia after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG), which not only increases the suffering of the patients, but also prolongs hospital stay and enhances cost of care, especially for patients older than 70 years. This study was designed to evaluate the efficacy and safety of low-dose amiodarone in the prevention of AF after CABG, especially for the elderly. Two hundred and ten senile patients undergoing off-pump CABG were included in this prospective, randomized, double-blind and placebo controlled study. Patients were given 10 mg/kg of amiodarone (low-dose amiodarone group, n = 100) or placebo (control group, n = 110) daily for 7 days before surgery and followed by 200 mg of amiodarone or placebo daily for 10 days postoperatively. Postoperative AF occurred in 16 patients (16%) receiving amiodarone and in 36 (37.7%) patients receiving placebo (P = 0.006). AF occurred at (58.13 +/- 16.63) hours after CABG in the low-dose amiodarone group and at (45.03 +/- 17.40) hours in the control group (P = 0.018). The maximum ventricular rate during AF was significantly slower in the low-dose amiodarone group ((121.42 +/- 28.91) beats/min) than in the control group ((134.11 +/- 30.57) beats/min, P = 0.036). The duration of AF was (10.92 +/- 9.56) hours for the low-dose amiodarone group compared with (14.81 +/- 10.37) hours for the control group (P = 0.002). The postoperative left ventricular ejection fraction (LVEF) was significantly improved in the low-dose amiodarone group (from (59.9 +/- 10.3)% to (63.4 +/- 11.4)%, P = 0.001), and significantly higher compared with the control group ((58.5 +/- 10.7)%, P = 0.002). Both groups had a similar incidence of complication other than rhythm disturbances (12.0% vs 16.4%, P = 0.368). The low-dose amiodarone group patients had shorter hospital stays ((11.8 +/- 3.2) days vs (13.8 +/- 4.7) days, P = 0.001) and lower cost of care (RMB (79 115 +/- 16 673) Yuan vs RMB (84 997 +/- 21 587) Yuan, P = 0.031) than that of control group patients. The in-hospital mortality was not significantly different between the two groups (1.0% vs 0.9%, P = 0.946). Perioperative low-dose oral amiodarone appeared to be cost-effective in the prevention and delay of new-onset postoperative AF in aged patients. It significantly reduced ventricular rate and duration of AF after CABG, decreased hospital cost and stay, as well as promoted the amelioration of left ventricular systolic function. Furthermore, low-dose amiodarone was safe to use and well tolerated with low toxic and side effects, and did not increase the risk of complications and mortality. It is proved to be a first-line therapy and as routine prophylaxis for AF after CABG, especially for elderly patients complicated with left ventricular dysfunction.Chinese medical journal 12/2009; 122(24):2928-32. · 1.05 Impact Factor