The risk of intrauterine fetal death in the small-for-gestational-age fetus.

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Oregon Health and Science University, Portland, OR. Electronic address: .
American journal of obstetrics and gynecology (Impact Factor: 3.97). 10/2012; 207(4):318.e1-6. DOI: 10.1016/j.ajog.2012.06.039
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT We sought to evaluate the risk of intrauterine fetal death (IUFD) in small-for-gestational-age (SGA) fetuses.
We analyzed a retrospective cohort of all births in the United States in 2005, as recorded in a national database. We calculated the risk of IUFD within 3 sets of SGA threshold categories as well as within non-SGA pregnancies using the number of at-risk fetuses as the denominator.
The risk of IUFD increased with gestational age and was inversely proportional to percentile of birthweight for gestational age. The risk for IUFD in those <3rd percentile was as high as 58.0 IUFDs per 10,000 at-risk fetuses, 43.9 for <5th percentile, and 26.3 for <10th percentile compared to 5.1 for non-SGA gestations.
There is an increase in the risk of IUFD in SGA fetuses compared to non-SGA fetuses at all gestational ages with the greatest risk demonstrated in the lowest percentile cohort evaluated.

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