Biohydrogen production from cattle wastewater by enriched anaerobic mixed consortia: influence of fermentation temperature and pH.
ABSTRACT Experiments were conducted to select a natural mixed microflora seed source and investigate the effect of temperature and pH on fermentative hydrogen (H2) production from cattle wastewater by sewage sludge. Sewage sludge was shown to have higher cumulative H2 production than other inoculum collected from cow dung compost, chicken manure compost, and river sludge. Experimental results show that H2 production from cattle wastewater was significantly affected by both pH and temperature of the culture. The maximum H2 yield was obtained at pH 5.5. H2 yield and the ratio of butyrate/acetate (Bu/Ac) followed a similar production trend, suggesting that butyrate formation might favor H2 production. The optimal temperature for H2 production from cattle wastewater was 45 degrees C with peak values of H2 production (368 ml), hydrogen yield of 319 ml H2/g chemical oxygen demand (COD) consumed, and butyrate/acetate ratio of 1.43. Presence of ethanol and propionic acid indicated decreased hydrogen production; their concentrations were also affected by pH and temperature. A modified Gompertz model adequately described H2 production and bacterial growth.
- SourceAvailable from: Poh She Chong[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: a b s t r a c t Carbohydrates from hydrolyzed biomass has been a potential feedstock for fermentative hydrogen production. In this study, oil palm empty fruit bunch (OPEFB) was treated by sulfuric acid in different concentrations at 120 C for 15 min in the autoclave. The optimal condition for pretreatment was obtained when OPEFB was hydrolyzing at 6% (w/v) sulfuric acid concentration, which gave the highest total sugar of 26.89 g/L and 78.51% of sugar production yield. However, the best conversion efficiency of OPEFB pretreatment was 39.47 at sulfuric acid concentration of 4%. A series of batch fermentation were performed to determine the effect of pH in fermentation media and the potential of this prehydrolysate was used as a substrate for fermentative hydrogen production under optimum pretreat-ment conditions. The prehydrolysate of OPEFB was efficiently converted to hydrogen via fermentation by acclimatized mixed consortia. The maximum hydrogen production was 690 mL H 2 L À1 medium, which corresponded to the yield of 1.98 molH 2 /mol xylose achieved at pH 5.5 with initial total sugar concentration of 5 g/L. Therefore, the results implied that OPEFB prehydrolysate is prospective substrate for efficient fermentative hydrogen con-ducted at low controlled pH. No methane gas was detected throughout the fermentation.
- [show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: a b s t r a c t Several reports have demonstrated the feasibility of hydrogen production by dark fermentation (DF). However, most reports had resorted to mesophilic or thermophilic conditions to increase hydrogen yield, overlooking the energy input to the process and hence, loss of net energy gain. For net positive energy gain, energy input to the process should be minimized and additional energy should be harvested from the aqueous end products of DF. Our previous study presented an approach to assess the potential for net energy gain from the hydrogen produced by DF, and from the end products of DF via anaerobic digestion (AD) or microbial fuel cells (MFC). In this study, that approach is extended to identify the most promising process configuration and operating conditions to maximize net energy gain possible from liquid and particulate organic wastes. Based on this analysis, DF followed by MFC appears to result in higher net energy gains.International Journal of Hydrogen Energy 11/2011; · 3.55 Impact Factor
- [show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Fermentative H(2) production from soybean protein processing wastewater (SPPW) was investigated in a four-compartment anaerobic baffled reactor (ABR) using anaerobic mixed cultures under continuous flow condition in the present study. After being inoculated with aerobic activated sludge and operated at the inoculants of 5.98 gVSS L(-1), COD of 5000 mg L(-1), HRT of 16 h and temperature of (35 ± 1) °C for 22 days, the ABR achieved stable ethanol-type fermentation. The specific hydrogen production rate of anaerobic activated sludge was 165 LH(2) kg MLVSS(-1) day(-1), the substrate conversion rate was 600.83 LH(2) kg COD(-1)and the COD removal efficiency was 44.73% at the stable operation status. The ABR system exhibited a better stability and higher hydrogen yields than continuous stirring tank reactor under the same operational condition. The experimental data documented the feasibility of substrate degradation along with molecular H(2) generation utilizing SPPW as primary carbon source in the ABR system.Applied biochemistry and biotechnology 09/2011; 168(1):91-105. · 1.94 Impact Factor