This paper reviews current research that has primarily focused on domestic violence among same-gender couples. Several key issues pertaining to the identification, assessment, and treatment of domestic violence among same-gender couples are examined and outlined to assist clinicians in effectively working with gay and lesbian clients who may be experiencing domestic violence. Resource information is included to help mental health clinicians recognize specific stressors of marginalized individuals as well as assessment and treatment recommendations are made.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Compared to the research literature on intimate partner violence (IPV) in heterosexual relationships, our understanding of IPV among sexual minority women (SMW) lags far behind. This paper reviews the literature regarding the prevalence of IPV among SMW and discusses disparities between SMW and heterosexual women. Methodological issues in this area are also discussed. Moreover, we review associations among substance use, sexual minority stress, and IPV in this population. Finally, potential protective factors, such as social and community support, identity, mastery, and coping, are examined. As researchers and clinicians work to improve the health of SMW it is important to consider the associations among relationship violence, substance use, and minority stress. Moreover, it is essential to understand what factors may promote adjustment among SMW.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This study compared the relative role of insulin resistance and beta-cell dysfunction (both assessed using the HOMA method) with glucose intolerance conditions in the progression to type 2 diabetes among a high risk group of subjects with fasting plasma glucose (FPG) 5.6-7.0 mmol/l in Kinmen, Taiwan. Data were collected during a continuing prospective study (1998-99) of a group of Taiwanese subjects at high-risk of developing type 2 diabetes who had fasting hyperglycemia (5.6-7.0 mmol/l) and exhibited 2-h postload glucose concentrations <11.1 mmol/l from 1992-94 to 1995-96. Among 644 non-diabetic subjects at baseline, 79.8% (514/644) had at least one follow-up examination. There were 107 new cases of diabetes diagnosed by 1999 WHO criteria in 2918.7 person-years of follow-up. The incidence rate was 3.67%/year (107/2918.7). After adjustment for other possible associative variables, including gender, age, BMI, waist circumference, insulin resistance, and beta-cell dysfunction, Cox's hazard model showed that those individuals with isolated IFG (impaired fasting glucose) and those individuals with isolated IGT (2-h glucose impairment) exhibited similar risk of developing diabetes. Those individuals with isolated IFG and isolated IGT showed a comparable impairment of basal or hepatic insulin sensitivity, but those individuals with isolated IFG had a greater beta-cell dysfunction by the HOMA method.
Diabetes Research and Clinical Practice 03/2003; 59(3):225-32. · 2.54 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The study describes types and rates of intimate partner violence (IPV) reported by active drug using women enrolled in a street
outreach HIV prevention research study located in Tucson, Arizona. IPV data were collected on 434 women at the baseline assessment
who reported being in a current intimate partner relationship. The data collected included types of violence as well as rates
of victimization and perpetration of IPV. Using profile analysis, we examined similarities and differences in patterns of
incidence rates of both victimization and perpetration of IPV across different IPV behaviors experienced by heterosexual and
lesbian women. Results indicate substantial rates of IPV among both heterosexual and lesbian women with both similarities
and differences in IPV behaviors reported. Results suggest that type of relationship and type of IPV behavior are important
factors in identifying and preventing IPV, and improving interventions aimed at addressing IPV.
KeywordsIntimate partner violence-Sexual orientation-Substance use
Journal of Family Violence 10/2010; 25(7):639-649. DOI:10.1007/s10896-010-9321-9 · 1.17 Impact Factor
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