Article

Relación entre el humor positivo y la ansiedad rasgo y estado

Ansiedad y Estres 01/2012; 1:19-90.

ABSTRACT Resumen: En el presente estudio se evaluó la ca-pacidad del humor positivo para reducir los niveles de Ansiedad-Estado. De igual forma, se exploró la asociación entre la Ansiedad-Rasgo y la Ansiedad-Estado con la aparición de pensamientos positivos. Por ello, se registró la Ansiedad-Estado (en situa-ción basal, después de visualizar 25 minutos de una película dramática y al finalizar 25 minutos de ví-deos humorísticos) y la Ansiedad-Rasgo en 41 es-tudiantes universitarios, así como la frecuencia de aparición de pensamientos positivos. Los vídeos humorísticos redujeron significativamente los nive-les de Ansiedad-Estado, y se halló una relación significativa entre la Ansiedad-Rasgo (pero no la Ansiedad-Estado) y el estilo de pensamiento, pues-to que los participantes que presentaban un bajo nivel de Ansiedad-Rasgo mostraron un mayor nú-mero de pensamientos positivos, en comparación con los que contaban niveles más altos de Ansie-dad-Rasgo. Se sugieren propuestas terapéuticas en relación al uso de las tecnologías como modulado-ras de la Ansiedad-Rasgo. Abstract: In this study, the capacity of positive hu-mor to reduce State-Anxiety levels was assessed. We also explored the association between State-Anxiety and Trait-Anxiety and the emergence of positive or negative thoughts. For this purpose both State-Anxiety (during baseline, after watching 25 minutes of a drama film and after another 25 minutes of watching humor videos) and Trait-Anxiety, as well as the presence of positive and negative thoughts, were assessed in a sample of 41 university students. The humor videos were shown to significantly re-duce the levels of State-Anxiety. We also showed that Trait-Anxiety –but not State-Anxiety-was sig-nificantly associated with the type and frequency of thoughts, since participants with low Trait-Anxiety scores reported more positive thoughts, as compared to those having higher levels of Trait-Anxiety. Ther-apeutic approaches based on new technologies are proposed in order to modulate Trait-Anxiety.

1 Bookmark
 · 
223 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Two studies tested the hypothesis that certain positive emotions speed recovery from the cardiovascular sequelae of negative emotions. In Study 1, 60 subjects (Ss) viewed an initial fear-eliciting film, and were randomly assigned to view a secondary film that elicited: (a) contentment; (b) amusement; (c) neutrality; or (d) sadness. Compared to Ss who viewed the neutral and sad secondary films, those who viewed the positive films exhibited more rapid returns to pre-film levels of cardiovascular activation. In Study 2, 72 Ss viewed a film known to elicit sadness. Fifty Ss spontaneously smiled at least once while viewing this film. Compared to Ss who did not smile, those who smiled exhibited more rapid returns to pre-film levels of cardiovascular activation. We discuss these findings in terms of emotion theory and possible health-promoting functions of positive emotions.
    Cognition and Emotion 03/1998; 12(2):191-220. · 2.52 Impact Factor
  • Humor - International Journal of Humor Research 01/1994; 7(2):111-126. · 0.86 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Compared two primary induction methods that have cognitive bases, Autobiographical Recollections and Structural Set of Mood Statements, by assessing their effectiveness in inducing depression and elation moods, respectively. Eighty-three male and 123 female undergraduate college students were assigned randomly to 1 of 15 groups. Each person who participated in the experiment received a depression-related induction or a control followed by an elation-related induction or a control. The effects of each induction were measured by three independent variables: Two depression measured and one anxiety measure. Results generally confirmed hypotheses made by the E that Autobiographical Recollections was the superior method for inducing and altering depression and anxiety in a population that included both sexes.
    Journal of Clinical Psychology 02/1980; 36(1):215-26. · 2.12 Impact Factor

Full-text (2 Sources)

View
189 Downloads
Available from
May 22, 2014