Relación entre el humor positivo y la ansiedad rasgo y estado

Ansiedad y Estres 01/2012; 1:19-90.


Resumen: En el presente estudio se evaluó la ca-pacidad del humor positivo para reducir los niveles de Ansiedad-Estado. De igual forma, se exploró la asociación entre la Ansiedad-Rasgo y la Ansiedad-Estado con la aparición de pensamientos positivos. Por ello, se registró la Ansiedad-Estado (en situa-ción basal, después de visualizar 25 minutos de una película dramática y al finalizar 25 minutos de ví-deos humorísticos) y la Ansiedad-Rasgo en 41 es-tudiantes universitarios, así como la frecuencia de aparición de pensamientos positivos. Los vídeos humorísticos redujeron significativamente los nive-les de Ansiedad-Estado, y se halló una relación significativa entre la Ansiedad-Rasgo (pero no la Ansiedad-Estado) y el estilo de pensamiento, pues-to que los participantes que presentaban un bajo nivel de Ansiedad-Rasgo mostraron un mayor nú-mero de pensamientos positivos, en comparación con los que contaban niveles más altos de Ansie-dad-Rasgo. Se sugieren propuestas terapéuticas en relación al uso de las tecnologías como modulado-ras de la Ansiedad-Rasgo. Abstract: In this study, the capacity of positive hu-mor to reduce State-Anxiety levels was assessed. We also explored the association between State-Anxiety and Trait-Anxiety and the emergence of positive or negative thoughts. For this purpose both State-Anxiety (during baseline, after watching 25 minutes of a drama film and after another 25 minutes of watching humor videos) and Trait-Anxiety, as well as the presence of positive and negative thoughts, were assessed in a sample of 41 university students. The humor videos were shown to significantly re-duce the levels of State-Anxiety. We also showed that Trait-Anxiety –but not State-Anxiety-was sig-nificantly associated with the type and frequency of thoughts, since participants with low Trait-Anxiety scores reported more positive thoughts, as compared to those having higher levels of Trait-Anxiety. Ther-apeutic approaches based on new technologies are proposed in order to modulate Trait-Anxiety.

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Available from: Daniel Adrover-Roig, Oct 06, 2015
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