IPO-38 is identified as a novel serum biomarker of gastric cancer based on clinical proteomics technology.
ABSTRACT Gastric cancer is one of the most common malignancies in China. So far, there are few reliable serum biomarkers for diagnosis. The available biomarkers of CEA, CA19-9 and CA72-4 are not sufficiently sensitive and specific for gastric cancer. In this study, a high density antibody microarray was used for identifying new biomarkers from serum samples of gastric cancer. Serum samples from colorectal cancer, pancreatic cancer, hepatocellular cancer, and breast cancer were also screened for comparative study. As result, some candidate biomarkers were identified. IPO-38, an up-regulated serum protein in gastric cancer was selected for subsequent validation including serum IPO-38 expression by ELISA and IPO-38 protein expression by immunohistochemistry. The immunoprecipitation by IPO-38 for gastric cancer cell line and MALDI-TOF/TOF mass spectrometer suggested that pull-down of IPO-38 belongs to H2B histone, which was supported by co-localization study of laser scanning confocal microscope. A follow-up study showed that the survival rate of IPO-38 negative group was better than that in IPO-38 positive group. The study first clarified the property of IPO-38 proliferating marker, and proposed that IPO-38 protein is a promising biomarker both for diagnosis and for predicting prognosis of gastric cancer.
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ABSTRACT: To identify potential biomarkers of primary gallbladder cancer (PGC). Fresh PGC, cholecystitis and normal gallbladder tissue specimens collected from 10 patients, respectively, were subjected to comparative proteomic analysis. The proteomic patterns of PGC were compared with those of cholecystitis and normal gallbladder tissues using two-dimensional gel electrophoresis (2-DE). The differentially expressed proteins were then identified using a MALDI-TOF mass spectrometer (MS) and database searches. To further validate these proteins, 20 samples of PGC tissues and normal tumor-adjacent tissues were collected for Western blot, quantitative real-time PCR, and immunohistochemical staining assay. Seven differentially expressed protein spots were detected by 2-ED analysis by comparing the average maps of PGC, cholecystitis and normal gallbladder tissues. Six of the seven differentially expressed proteins were identified using MALDI-TOF MS, with three overexpressed and three underexpressed in PGC tissue. Protein levels of annexin A4 (ANXA4) were significantly elevated, and heat shock protein 90-beta (Hsp90β) and dynein cytoplasmic 1 heavy chain 1 (Dync1h1) were decreased in PGC tissues relative to the normal tumor-adjacent tissues as shown by Western blot analysis. However, levels of actin, aortic smooth muscle and gamma-actin were unchanged. In addition, the mRNA levels of all 5 proteins showed similar changes to those of the protein levels (P < 0.01). Further validation by immunohistochemical analysis showed the upregulated expression of ANXA4 and decreased expression of Hsp90β and Dync1h1 in the cytoplasm of PGC tissues relative to the normal tumor-adjacent tissues. Three proteins are identified as potential biomarkers of PGC using proteomic analysis. The functions of these proteins in the carcinogenesis of PGC remain to be studied.World Journal of Gastroenterology 05/2014; 20(18):5511-8. · 2.55 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Gastric cancer is the second leading cause of cancer-related deaths worldwide. Although many treatment options exist for patients with gastric tumors, the incidence and mortality rate of gastric cancer are on the rise. The early stages of gastric cancer are non-symptomatic, and the treatment response is unpredictable. This situation is further aggravated by a lack of diagnostic biomarkers that can aid in the early detection and prognosis of gastric cancer and in the prediction of chemoresistance. Moreover, clinical surgical specimens are rarely obtained, and traditional biomarkers of gastric cancer are not very effective. Many studies in the field of proteomics have contributed to the discovery and establishment of powerful diagnostic tools (e.g., ProteinChip array) in the management of cancer. The evolution in proteomic technologies has not only enabled the screening of a large number of samples but also enabled the identification of pathologically significant proteins, such as phosphoproteins, and the quantitation of difference in protein expression under different conditions. Multiplexed assays are used widely to accurately fractionate various complex samples such as blood, tissue, cells, and Helicobacter pylori-infected specimens to identify differentially expressed proteins. Biomarker detection studies have substantially contributed to the areas of secretome, metabolome, and phosphoproteome. Here, we review the development of potential biomarkers in the natural history of gastric cancer, with specific emphasis on the characteristics of target protein convergence.Journal of proteomics 04/2012; 75(11):3081-97. · 5.07 Impact Factor
- American Journal of Cancer Science. 01/2013;