Microsurgical breast reconstruction.
ABSTRACT Breast cancer, the most common cancer diagnosed in American women, often necessitates mastectomy. Many studies have demonstrated improved quality of life and well-being after breast reconstruction. Numerous techniques are available for breast reconstruction including tissue expander implants and autologous tissues. Microsurgical tissue transfer involves the use of excess skin and fat (flaps) from a remote location to reconstruct the breast. Most often, tissues are transferred from the abdomen and buttocks. Less commonly, thigh flaps are used. These operations can provide durable, esthetic reconstructions. In addition, advances in microsurgical techniques have improved operative success rates to the range of 99%. The selection of an appropriate flap for microsurgical breast reconstruction is multifactorial and is based on patient and oncologic factors. These factors include patient comorbidities, body habitus/availability of donor tissues, cancer stage, and the need for postoperative adjuvant radiation therapy, as well as the risk of cancer in the contralateral breast. Appropriate choice of flap and surgical technique can minimize the risk of operative complications. Additionally, several large series have established that microsurgical breast reconstruction has no impact on survival, or locoregional/distant recurrence rates.
- The Breast Journal 09/2014; DOI:10.1111/tbj.12342 · 1.43 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: This population based study aimed to use reconstructive-plastic surgery with autologous tissue as a treatment of patients with stage III breast cancer. We identified women (374) diagnosed with stage III breast cancer between 2000 and 2009 years. We compared radical operations with and without a plastic step, where 29 patients underwent the surgery in combination with an immediate radical resection with LD-flap replacement, mastectomy concurrently to TRAM-flap reconstruction in 103 patients. We examined the immediate and remote results of therapy. In data analysis, there were higher summarized indices of physical and mental health rates in patients who underwent the reconstruction plastic surgery compared to patients with mastectomy. All treated women 5 -year survival rate was 77.4+3.6 %, 63.5+3.2% and 40.1+3.1 % in stages IIIa, IIIb, IIIc respectively. In the control group, the rates were 78.6+3.4 %, 64.0+3.3 %, and 39.3+3.1 % (p<0.05) respectively. Our results showed that women with stage III breast cancer who underwent reconstructive-plastic surgeries had a chance to improve their quality of life, and did not increase the frequency, neither did reduce 5 year survival (Tab. 2, Fig. 4, Ref. 19). Full Text in free PDF www.bmj.sk.Bratislavske lekarske listy 01/2011; 112(12):686-90. · 0.45 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: When initiated by the devastating diagnosis of cancer, post ablative breast restoration has at its core the goal of restoring anatomic normalcy. The concepts of body image, wholeness, and overall well-being have been introduced to explain the paramount psychological influence the breast has on both individuals and society as a whole. Hence, a growing subspecialty has been established to recreate or simulate the lost breast. At least one third of breast cancer victims consider breast reconstruction. Breast reconstruction post mastectomy may be offered at the time of mastectomy or delayed post mastectomy after adjuvant therapy. This may be utilizing autologous tissues or implants and each has risks and benefits, especially when considering adjuvant therapy. In addition, there has been a move away from a traditional mastectomy to less invasive, but still curative procedures, such as skin-sparing and nipple-sparing mastectomy. These procedures provide the breast envelope to facilitate reconstruction. This paper reviews the primary issues in breast reconstruction, as well as their psychologic, oncologic, and social impact.Breast Cancer: Targets and Therapy 01/2011; 3:93-99. DOI:10.2147/BCTT.S13418