Treatment of advanced carpometacarpal joint disease: trapeziectomy and hematoma arthroplasty.

Division of Hand and Microvascular Surgery, Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Naval Medical Center San Diego, 34800 Bob Wilson Drive, Suite 112, San Diego, CA 92131, USA.
Hand Clinics (Impact Factor: 1.07). 09/2008; 24(3):271-6, vi. DOI: 10.1016/j.hcl.2008.03.003
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Some surgical treatment options of painful basal joint arthritis do not require complex arthroplasty or suspensionplasty techniques. Simple trapeziectomy with temporary pinning of a slightly overdistracted thumb metacarpal can provide reliable pain relief, good motion, and functional stability. Recent literature supports alternative options when compared with formal ligament reconstruction or suspensionplasty procedures. Simple trapeziectomy is associated with less morbidity due to shorter operative times and the lack of need for graft harvest and ligament reconstruction.

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    ABSTRACT: Trapeziectomy has been regaining popularity in treatment of thumb carpometacarpal (CMC). Current approaches to trapeziectomy use Kirschner wire fixation to prevent subsidence of the thumb metacarpal into the newly created trapeziectomy space. This fixation method requires at least 4 weeks of strict immobilization of the thumb. A technique using a suture-button device to suspend the thumb allows for earlier mobilization of the thumb and potentially leads to a faster overall recovery. Preliminary results are promising, but further studies must be conducted to confirm the long-term efficacy of this suture-button suspensionplasty.
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    ABSTRACT: While trapeziectomy with or without interposition arthroplasty and ligament reconstruction or suspensionplasty have been demonstrated to have a high rate of satisfactory outcomes, recent interest has focused on arthroscopy because of its perceived limited invasive nature as well as its versatility. In addition, using the arthroscope, other options are available that preserve all or part of the trapezium to limit subsidence of the thumb axis, preserve grip and pinch strength, and retain later options for joint reconstruction, should that become necessary.
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