Elastic liposomes bearing meloxicam-beta-cyclodextrin for transdermal delivery.
ABSTRACT The ultra-flexible lipid vesicles, the elastic liposomes bearing meloxicam-beta-cyclodextrin complex were prepared for its topical administration with the aim of simultaneously exploiting the favorable properties of both the carriers. The prepared meloxicam-beta-cyclodextrin complex was evaluated using DSC, XRD and FT-IR, which indicates the formation of inclusion complex in a molar ratio of 1:2 of meloxicam and beta-cyclodextrin (beta-CD). The elastic liposomes were prepared by conventional rotary evaporation method and characterized for various parameters such as vesicle shape and surface morphology, size and size distribution, entrapment efficiency, elasticity, stability and in-vitro release pattern. Permeability studies of meloxicam and meloxicam-beta-cyclodextrin complex, as such or incorporated in elastic liposomes performed both across artificial membranes and rat skin highlighted a favorable effect of cyclodextrin on drug permeation rate, due to its solubilizing action. Moreover skin-permeation enhancer property of elastic liposomes has been evidenced. Skin permeation potential of the developed formulation was assessed using confocal laser scanning microscopy (CLSM), which revealed an enhanced permeation of the formulation to the deeper layers of the skin (up to 160 microm) following channel like pathways. Skin permeation profile of elastic liposomal formulation bearing meloxicam-beta-cyclodextrin complex was observed and the investigations revealed an enhanced transdermal flux (12.48+/-0.9 microg/cm(2)/h) and decreased lag time (0.7 h) for meloxicam. The obtained flux was nearly 1.4 and 9.1 times higher than elastic liposomal formulation bearing meloxicam and plain drug solution, respectively (P<0.005). The results indicate that the elastic liposomes may be promising vehicles for the transdermal delivery of meloxicam.
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ABSTRACT: Introduction: With the incorporation of edge activators into the lipid bilayer structure, elasticity properties are given to liposomes. Regardless of the debate over the precise permeation mechanism of elastic liposomes, these vesicles have been proven to enhance drug permeation into or through skin in most cases. Areas covered: This article provides an overview of the formulation ingredients of elastic liposomes and their relationship with skin permeation behavior. The ingredients are divided into two categories of basic and optional ingredients. The effect of stability on permeation behavior of the vesicles is highlighted. Expert opinion: More attention should be paid to the stability of elastic liposomes. The different stability properties of the elastic liposomes following administration can induce different skin permeation behaviors of the vesicles. It is necessary to select the optimum composition of the elastic liposomes in order to control the stability and permeation behavior of the vesicles into or through the skin. Moreover, for the development of elastic liposomes, particular attention should also be paid to the drug leakage from the vesicles during long-term storage. The application of optional ingredients to improve the stability and/or elasticity of the elastic liposomes is becoming a new trend.Expert Opinion on Drug Delivery 04/2013; · 4.87 Impact Factor
- Journal of Drug Delivery Science and Technology 01/2014; 24(3):259-269. · 1.09 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Introduction: Recently, the entrapment of hydrophobic drugs in the form of water-soluble drug-cyclodextrin (CD) complex in liposomes has been investigated as a new strategy to combine the relative advantages of CDs and liposomes into one system, namely drug-in-CD-in-liposome (DCL) systems. Areas covered: For DCLs preparation, an overall understanding of the interaction between CDs and lipid components of liposomes is necessary and valuable. The present article reviews the preparation, characterization and application of DCLs, especially as antitumor or transdermal carriers. Double-loading technique, an interesting strategy to control release and increase drug-loading capacity, is also discussed. Expert opinion: DCL approach can be useful in increasing drug solubility and vesicles stability, in controlling the in vivo fate of hydrophobic drugs and in avoiding burst release of drug from the vesicles. To obtain stable DCL, the CDs should have a higher affinity to drug molecules compared with liposomal membrane lipids. DCLs prepared by double-loading technique seem to be a suitable targeted drug delivery system because they have a fast onset action with prolonged drug release process and the significantly enhanced drug-loading capacity. In particular, DCLs are suitable for the delivery of hydrophobic drugs which also possess volatility.Expert Opinion on Drug Delivery 02/2014; · 4.87 Impact Factor