Perceived norms and mental health help seeking among African American college students.
ABSTRACT In general, African Americans do not seek mental health treatment from formal sources at the same rates as Caucasians. The present study examined whether culturally relevant factors (i.e., perceived negative peer and family norms about help seeking) influence help-seeking intentions in a late adolescent African-American sample (n = 219) and whether there is a gender difference in the predictive strength between peer and family norms. Participants were primarily female (n = 144). Multiple regressions were implemented to explore the relationship between perceived norms and help-seeking intentions. Analyses revealed that males had higher perceived peer norms, and family norms were a stronger predictor of intentions than peer norms for females. Individually, peer norms and family norms were related to help-seeking intentions. When perceived norms were analyzed together, only negative family norms were related to intentions. Findings suggest that incorporating family norms is critical when developing interventions to increase formal service utilization among African Americans.
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ABSTRACT: This study aims to validate the General Help Seeking Questionnaire (GHSQ; Wilson, Deane, Ciarrochi, & Rickwood, 2005) among Filipinos. Exploratory factor analyses suggest a two-factor structure (Family and Non-Family) for past behavior, and three-factor structure (Family, Professionals, and Other Sources) for intent to seek psychological help. Intent and past help-seeking behavior were associated with stigma, attitudes towards help-seeking, social support, and problem severity. Implications regarding the use of GHSQ in studying Filipino help-seeking behavior are discussed.The Philippine journal of Psychology. 06/2014; 47(1):1-17.
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ABSTRACT: Recent reports reveal that more university students arrive on campus with pre-existing psychological disabilities and concomitant psychotropic medication use. With all new medications the importance of pharmacotherapy services becomes more critical, especially in health-disparate, underserved populations that may additionally have varying perceptions of the role and benefit of medications. This was an exploratory study to improve understanding of mental health needs and help-seeking behaviors among college students at a Historically Black College and University (HBCU), and to identify considerations for cultural adaptations to community-based psychopharmacotherapy services. For this study spirituality and attitudes to mental health, medications and counseling were explored. Data was collected by web-based surveys, student focus groups, depression/suicide vulnerability screenings, and overview of existing campus services. Results suggest higher levels of depression and religiosity, difference in views of medication helpfulness with religiosity level, no difference in views on counseling helpfulness or use of academic versus non-academic resources in times of distress. Further study is warranted. Considerations for service development include destigmatization and trust-building strategies, screening and referral settings with access or referral to spiritual care, collaborative practice agreements (CPA), medication therapy management (MTM), health center surveys, peer support groups, and medication counseling for comorbid conditions (e.g. diabetes, HIV/AIDS). Greater understanding of attitudes and resources turned to in times of distress can help direct resources and train personnel who identify student need, intervene, and extend access to comprehensive mental health service resources in community. Key words: cultural adaptation, spirituality, psychiatry, mental health services, MTMInnovations in Pharmaceuticals and Pharmacotherapy. 10/2014;
Article: College Student Suicide[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Suicide is the second-leading cause of death among college students. College student suicide and suicide prevention are best understood within the larger context of contemporary concerns about college student mental health.New Directions for Student Services 03/2013; 2013(141).