CD4 Cell Response Before and After HAART Initiation According to Viral Load and Growth Indicators in HIV-1-Infected Children in Abidjan, Côte dʼIvoire

UMR 145, Institut de Recherche pour le Développement, Montpellier, France.
JAIDS Journal of Acquired Immune Deficiency Syndromes (Impact Factor: 4.56). 10/2008; 49(1):70-6. DOI: 10.1097/QAI.0b013e3181831847
Source: PubMed


To analyze the determinants of CD4 change in children during 3 periods: before highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART), during the first year after HAART initiation, and past 1 year after HAART initiation.
One hundred seventy-seven children enrolled in a prospective cohort in Abidjan received HAART during a mean follow-up of 30 months. A linear mixed-effects model was used for the first period, a mixed-effects piecewise model for the second period, and an asymptotic mixed-effects model for long-term CD4 dynamics.
Before HAART initiation, CD4 percentage decreased along time [beta = -0.59 (-0.92 to -0.26)] was positively associated with body mass index for age [beta = 0.47 (0.22 to 0.72)] and negatively associated with viral load [beta = -1.01 (-1.90 to -0.13)]. During the first year of treatment, the CD4 decrease reverted to a steep increase that was negatively associated with age at HAART initiation [beta = -0.24 (-0.4 to -0.07)] and with the mean viral load under HAART [beta = -1.51 (-2.21 to -0.81)]. The long-term CD4 percentage was also negatively associated with the mean viral load under HAART [beta = -4.97 (-6.22 to -3.72)] and age at HAART initiation [beta = -0.82 (-1.12 to -0.51)].
Before HAART initiation, the CD4 cell percentage was associated with growth indicators whereas, after HAART, an early increase and a long-term plateau were negatively associated with the viral load and age at HAART initiation.

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