The THP1-SAC3-SUS1-CDC31 complex works in transcription elongation-mRNA export preventing RNA-mediated genome instability.
ABSTRACT The eukaryotic THO/TREX complex, involved in mRNP biogenesis, plays a key role in the maintenance of genome integrity in yeast. mRNA export factors such as Thp1-Sac3 also affect genome integrity, but their mutations have other phenotypes different from those of THO/TREX. Sus1 is a novel component of SAGA transcription factor that also associates with Thp1-Sac3, but little is known about its effect on genome instability and transcription. Here we show that Thp1, Sac3, and Sus1 form a functional unit with a role in mRNP biogenesis and maintenance of genome integrity that is independent of SAGA. Importantly, the effects of ribozyme-containing transcription units, RNase H, and the action of human activation-induced cytidine deaminase on transcription and genome instability are consistent with the possibility that R-loops are formed in Thp1-Sac3-Sus1-Cdc31 as in THO mutants. Our data reveal that Thp1-Sac3-Sus1-Cdc31, together with THO/TREX, define a specific pathway connecting transcription elongation with export via an RNA-dependent dynamic process that provides a feedback mechanism for the control of transcription and the preservation of genetic integrity of transcribed DNA regions.
Full-textDOI: · Available from: Cristina Tous, Jun 21, 2015
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ABSTRACT: To clarify the role of a number of mRNA processing factors in transcription elongation, we developed an in vivo assay for direct analysis of elongation on chromatin. The assay relies on two substrates containing two G-less cassettes separated by either a long and GC-rich or a short and GC-poor DNA sequence (G-less-based run-on (GLRO) assay). We demonstrate that PAF, THSC/TREX-2, SAGA, the exosome component Rrp6 and two subunits of cleavage factor IA (Rna14 and Rna15) are required for efficient transcription elongation, in contrast to some results obtained using other assays. Next, we undertook a mutant screen and found out that the Nup84 nucleoporin complex is also required for transcription elongation, as confirmed by the GLRO assay and RNA polymerase II chromatin immunoprecipitations. Therefore, in addition to showing that the GLRO assay is a sensitive and reliable method for the analysis of elongation in vivo, this study provides evidence for a new role of the Nup84 complex and a number of mRNA processing factors in transcription elongation that supports a connection of pre-mRNA processing and nuclear export with transcription elongation.The EMBO Journal 05/2011; 30(10):1953-64. DOI:10.1038/emboj.2011.109 · 10.75 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Sen1 of S. cerevisiae is a known component of the NRD complex implicated in transcription termination of nonpolyadenylated as well as some polyadenylated RNA polymerase II transcripts. We now show that Sen1 helicase possesses a wider function by restricting the occurrence of RNA:DNA hybrids that may naturally form during transcription, when nascent RNA hybridizes to DNA prior to its packaging into RNA protein complexes. These hybrids displace the nontranscribed strand and create R loop structures. Loss of Sen1 results in transient R loop accumulation and so elicits transcription-associated recombination. SEN1 genetically interacts with DNA repair genes, suggesting that R loop resolution requires proteins involved in homologous recombination. Based on these findings, we propose that R loop formation is a frequent event during transcription and a key function of Sen1 is to prevent their accumulation and associated genome instability.Molecular cell 01/2011; 41(1):21-32. DOI:10.1016/j.molcel.2010.12.007 · 14.46 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Metazoan E(y)2/ENY2 is a multifunctional protein important for transcription activation and mRNA export, being a component of SAGA/TFTC and the mRNA export complex AMEX. Here, we show that ENY2 in Drosophila is also stably associated with THO, the complex involved in mRNP biogenesis. The ENY2-THO complex is required for normal Drosophila development, functioning independently on SAGA and AMEX. ENY2 and THO arrive on the transcribed region of the hsp70 gene after its activation, and ENY2 plays an important role in THO recruitment. ENY2 and THO show no direct association with elongating RNA polymerase II. Recruitment of ENY2 and THO occurs by their loading onto nascent mRNA, apparently immediately after its synthesis, while the AMEX component Xmas-2 is loaded onto mRNA at a later stage. Knockdown of either ENY2 or THO, but not SAGA or AMEX, affects the processing of the transcript's 3' end. Thus, ENY2, as a shared subunit of several protein complexes governing the sequential steps of gene expression, plays an important role in the coordination of these steps.Genes & development 01/2010; 24(1):86-96. DOI:10.1101/gad.550010 · 12.64 Impact Factor