Follow-up Outcomes in a Large Cohort of Patients With Human Papillomavirus-Negative ASC-H Cervical Screening Test Results

Dept of Pathology, Magee-Womens Hospital of University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, 300 Halket St, Pittsburgh, PA 15213
American Journal of Clinical Pathology (Impact Factor: 2.88). 10/2012; 138(4):517-23. DOI: 10.1309/AJCPYK60BZRNNAHQ
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Limited follow-up data are available on patients with cervical cytology results of atypical squamous cells, cannot exclude a high-grade intraepithelial lesion (ASC-H), who test negative for high-risk human papillomavirus (hrHPV). Between June 2005 and December 2010, 885 patients were identified with ThinPrep results of Hybrid Capture 2 (HC2) hrHPV-negative cervical ASC-H liquid-based cytology and follow-up histopathology or cytology results extending to September 2011. Of the 885 patients with available follow-up results, 549 (62.0%) had at least 1 histopathologic result during the entire follow-up period, whereas 336 (38.0%) had only cytologic follow-up documented. In an average follow-up period of 29 months, 14 (1.6%) of 885 patients with HPV-negative ASC-H results showed evidence of high-grade cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN2/3). No cases of invasive cervical cancer were diagnosed. Four of 14 patients with HPV-negative ASC-H results with follow-up diagnoses of CIN2/3 had a history of earlier CIN2/3 diagnoses before HPV-negative ASC-H results. Follow-up of patients with HPV-negative ASC-H results using methods specified in this study yielded low rates of detectible CIN2/3 and no diagnoses of cervical cancer. Triage of study patients with HPV-negative ASC-H results to routine HPV and cytology cotesting at 1 year was a safe follow-up option.

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Objectives: To examine data correlating high-risk human papillomavirus (hrHPV) results in patients with both low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (LSIL) and atypical squamous cells cannot exclude high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (ASC-H) cytology findings (LSIL-H) with follow-up histopathology. Methods: A total of 494 LSIL-H ThinPrep (Hologic, Marlborough, MA) cases with hrHPV testing were identified. Histopathologic follow-up was available in 347 patients. Results: Among 347 patients with follow-up histopathology after LSIL-H cytology and hrHPV testing, 90.5% tested hrHPV positive. Cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) 2/3 was diagnosed in 29.4% and CIN 1 in 53.6%. CIN 2/3 was diagnosed in significantly more patients with hrHPV-positive LSIL-H than following hrHPV-negative LSIL-H results. Compared with published institutional data, LSIL-H had significantly lower hrHPV and histopathologic CIN 2/3+ rates (90.5% and 29.4%, with no cervical cancers) than high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (HSIL) (95.7% and 70.5%, with 2.4% cervical cancers) but higher rates than LSIL (80.2% and 12.9%) or atypical squamous cells/cannot exclude HSIL (ASC-H) (54.3% and 17.2%). Whereas CIN 2/3 detection rates were similar in HPV-positive LSIL-H and HPV-positive ASC-H, CIN 2/3 findings were more likely with HPV-negative LSIL-H than with HPV-negative ASC-H. Conclusions: LSIL-H is a unique category of cytologic abnormality associated with distinctive hrHPV and CIN 2/3+ diagnostic rates.
    American Journal of Clinical Pathology 02/2014; 141(2):239-46. DOI:10.1309/AJCPM9X5RCZYEQJQ · 2.88 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Objectives: To document screening test histories of women with histopathologic cervical glandular neoplasia (CGN) in a large integrated health system using new methods of cervical screening. Methods: Cervical screening test results were reviewed for 265 patients with histopathologic diagnoses of CGN, including 168 adenocarcinoma in situ, 80 invasive cervical adenocarcinoma, and 17 invasive cervical adenosquamous carcinoma cases. Results: Among 222 cases with known triggers of diagnostic studies, 211 (95%) had recent abnormal Papanicolaou (Pap) test results. Glandular cell abnormalities were the most common recent abnormal Pap test finding in 130 (61.6%) of 211; squamous cell abnormalities alone were documented in 81 (38.4%) of 211, reflecting coexisting cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN) in 60% of CGN cases. Among 114 CGN cases with additional Pap tests more than 4 months to 3 years before CGN diagnosis, 70 (61.4%) had only earlier negative Pap test results. Among 72 CGN cases with recent human papillomavirus (HPV) test results, 70 (97.2%) tested HPV positive. Among 29 CGN cases with HPV test results more than 4 months to 3 years before CGN diagnosis, 25 (86.2%) tested HPV positive. Conclusions: Conservative cytologic screening practices and HPV cotesting can facilitate early diagnoses of CGN.
    American Journal of Clinical Pathology 07/2013; 140(1):47-54. DOI:10.1309/AJCPIP9M8HPVBSSC · 2.88 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to evaluate the clinical significance of Human papillomavirus (HPV) DNA cotesting in Korean women with abnormal Papanicolaou (Pap) smear results based on colposcopic pathology. A total of 1012 women underwent liquid-based Pap smears and hybrid capture II HPV DNA tests followed by colposcopy at the Korea University Hospital from January 2007 to May 2012. Of these women, 832 women were included in this retrospective study. The mean patient age was 45.4 ± 13.7 years (range:15-80). The distribution of Pap smear results was normal (4.7%), atypical squamous cells of uncertain significance (ASCUS) (42.1%), low-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (26.8%), ASC-H (7.0%), and high-grade squamous intraepithelial lesion (HSIL) (19.5%). In women with ASCUS, none of the 87 HPV-negative had ≥cervical intraepithelial neoplasia (CIN2) (P < 0.001). In women with ASC-H, only one out of 17 HPV-negative vs. 14 out of 41 HPV-positive had ≥CIN2 (P = 0.025). In patients with HSIL, 54.5% of HPV-negative had ≥CIN2, as compared to 80.8% of HPV-positive with ≥CIN2 (P = 0.039). Patients were further analyzed by age groups: <30 and ≥30 years. In HPV-negative women, there was a significant difference in the ratio of ≥CIN2 (30.8% <30 vs. 4.5% ≥30, P = 0.005). When the HPV DNA test was negative in women ≥30, the risk of ≥CIN2 was significantly lower (P < 0.001). HPV DNA cotesting in women with ASCUS and ASC-H furnish healthcare providers with informative data. There is a lower proportion of ≥CIN2 in HPV-negative women and a higher proportion of ≥CIN2 in HPV-positive. When HPV data were further evaluated by age group, the risk of ≥CIN2 was lower in HPV-negative women, especially in women ≥30. Diagn. Cytopathol. 2014. © 2014 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.
    Diagnostic Cytopathology 05/2014; DOI:10.1002/dc.23173 · 1.52 Impact Factor