Article

# Binary Quasars at High Redshift. II. Sub-Mpc Clustering at z ~ 3-4

The Astrophysical Journal (Impact Factor: 6.73). 08/2010; 719(2):1693. DOI:10.1088/0004-637X/719/2/1693

Source: arXiv

- Citations (9)
- Cited In (0)

- [show abstract] [hide abstract]

**ABSTRACT:**Using a cosmological N-Body simulation and a sample of re-simulated cluster-like haloes, we study the mass loss rates of dark matter subhaloes, and interpret the mass function of subhaloes at redshift zero in terms of the evolution of the mass function of systems accreted by the main halo progenitor. When expressed in terms of the ratio between the mass of the subhalo at the time of accretion and the present day host mass the unevolved subhalo mass function is found to be universal. However, the subhalo mass function at redshift zero clearly depends on $M_0$, in that more massive host haloes host more subhaloes. To relate the unevolved and evolved subhalo mass functions, we measure the subhalo mass loss rate as a function of host mass and redshift. We find that the average, specific mass loss rate of dark matter subhaloes depends mainly on redshift. These results suggest a pleasingly simple picture for the evolution and mass dependence of the evolved subhalo mass function. Less massive host haloes accrete their subhaloes earlier, which are thus subjected to mass loss for a longer time. In addition, their subhaloes are typically accreted by denser hosts, which causes an additional boost of the mass loss rate. To test the self-consistency of this picture, we use a merger trees constructed using the extended Press-Schechter formalism, and evolve the subhalo populations using the average mass loss rates obtained from our simulations, finding the subhalo mass functions to be in good agreement with the simulations. [abridged] Comment: 12 pages, 12 figures; submitted to MNRASMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 12/2007; · 5.52 Impact Factor - [show abstract] [hide abstract]

**ABSTRACT:**We study the two-point correlation function of a uniformly selected sample of 4426 luminous optical quasars with redshift 2.9 ≤ z ≤ 5.4 selected over 4041 deg2 from the Fifth Data Release of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey. We fit a power-law to the projected correlation function wp(rp) to marginalize over redshift-space distortions and redshift errors. For a real-space correlation function of the form ξ(r) = (r/r0)-γ, the fitted parameters in comoving coordinates are r0 = 15.2 ± 2.7 h-1 Mpc and γ = 2.0 ± 0.3, over a scale range 4 h-1 Mpc ≤ rp ≤ 150 h-1 Mpc. Thus high-redshift quasars are appreciably more strongly clustered than their z ≈ 1.5 counterparts, which have a comoving clustering length r0 ≈ 6.5 h-1 Mpc. Dividing our sample into two redshift bins, 2.9 ≤ z ≤ 3.5 and z ≥ 3.5, and assuming a power-law index γ = 2.0, we find a correlation length of r0 = 16.9 ± 1.7 h-1 Mpc for the former and r0 = 24.3 ± 2.4 h-1 Mpc for the latter. Strong clustering at high redshift indicates that quasars are found in very massive, and therefore highly biased, halos. Following Martini & Weinberg, we relate the clustering strength and quasar number density to the quasar lifetimes and duty cycle. Using the Sheth & Tormen halo mass function, the quasar lifetime is estimated to lie in the range ~4-50 Myr for quasars with 2.9 ≤ z ≤ 3.5, and ~30-600 Myr for quasars with z ≥ 3.5. The corresponding duty cycles are ~0.004-0.05 for the lower redshift bin and ~0.03-0.6 for the higher redshift bin. The minimum mass of halos in which these quasars reside is (2-3) × 1012 h-1 M for quasars with 2.9 ≤ z ≤ 3.5 and (4-6) × 1012 h-1 M for quasars with z ≥ 3.5; the effective bias factor beff increases with redshift, e.g., beff ~ 8 at z = 3.0 and beff ~ 16 at z = 4.5.The Astronomical Journal 12/2007; 133(5):2222. · 4.97 Impact Factor -
##### Article: The Void Phenomenon Explained

[show abstract] [hide abstract]

**ABSTRACT:**We use high-resolution N-body simulations, combined with a halo occupation model of galaxy bias, to investigate voids in the galaxy distribution. Our goal is to address the 'void phenomenon' of Peebles (2001), which presents the observed dearth of faint galaxies in voids as a challenge to the current cosmology. In our model, galaxy luminosity is determined only as a function of dark matter halo mass. With this simple assumption, we demonstrate that large, empty voids of ~15 Mpc/h in diameter are expected even for galaxies seven magnitudes fainter than L*. The predictions of our model are in excellent agreement with several statistical measures; (i) the luminosity function of galaxies in underdense regions, (ii) nearest neighbor statistics of dwarf galaxies, (iii) the void probability function of faint galaxies. In the transition between filaments and voids in the dark matter, the halo mass function changes abruptly, causing the maximum galaxy luminosity to decrease by ~5 magnitudes over a range of ~1 Mpc/h. Thus the boundary between filaments and voids in the galaxy distribution is nearly as sharp for dwarfs as for ~L* objects. These results support a picture in which galaxy formation is driven predominantly by the mass of the host dark matter halo, and is nearly independent of the larger-scale halo environment. Further, they demonstrate that LCDM, combined with a straightforward bias model, naturally explains the existence of the void phenomenon. Comment: 8 pages, 5 figures, submitted to ApJ. citations updatedThe Astrophysical Journal 04/2008; · 6.73 Impact Factor

Data provided are for informational purposes only. Although carefully collected, accuracy cannot be guaranteed. The impact factor represents a rough estimation of the journal's impact factor and does not reflect the actual current impact factor. Publisher conditions are provided by RoMEO. Differing provisions from the publisher's actual policy or licence agreement may be applicable.