Article

Binary Quasars at High Redshift. II. Sub-Mpc Clustering at z ~ 3-4

The Astrophysical Journal (Impact Factor: 6.28). 08/2010; 719(2):1693. DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/719/2/1693
Source: arXiv

ABSTRACT We present measurements of the small-scale (0.1 r 1 h –1 Mpc) quasar two-point correlation function at z>2.9, for a flux-limited (i < 21) sample of 15 binary quasars compiled by Hennawi et al. The amplitude of the small-scale clustering increases from z ~ 3 to z ~ 4. The small-scale clustering amplitude is comparable to or lower than power-law extrapolations (assuming a fixed slope γ = 2) from the large-scale correlation function of the i < 20.2 quasar sample from the Sloan Digital Sky Survey. Using simple prescriptions relating quasars to dark matter halos, we model the observed small-scale clustering with halo occupation models. We found that the level of small-scale clustering favors an active fraction of black holes in (M 1013 h –1 M ☉) satellite halos fs 0.1 at z 3.

Download full-text

Full-text

Available from: Carlo Giocoli, Aug 28, 2015
0 Followers
 · 
88 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Galaxy-galaxy mergers and close interactions have long been regarded as a viable mechanism for channeling gas toward the central supermassive black holes (SMBHs) of galaxies which are triggered as active galactic nuclei (AGNs). AGN pairs, in which the central SMBHs of a galaxy merger are both active, are expected to be common from such events. We conduct a systematic study of 1286 AGN pairs at z ~ 0.1 with line-of-sight velocity offsets dv < 600 km/s and projected separations r_p < 100 kpc, selected from the Seventh Data Release of the Sloan Digital Sky Survey (SDSS). This AGN pair sample was drawn from 138,070 AGNs optically identified based on diagnostic emission line ratios and/or line widths. The fraction of AGN pairs with 5 kpc ~< r_p < 100 kpc among all spectroscopically selected AGNs at 0.02 < z < 0.16 is 3.6% after correcting for SDSS spectroscopic incompleteness; ~ 30% of these pairs show morphological tidal features in their SDSS images, and the fraction becomes >~ 80% for pairs with the brightest nuclei. Our sample increases the number of known AGN pairs on these scales by more than an order of magnitude. We present their AGN and host-galaxy star formation properties in a companion paper.
    The Astrophysical Journal 04/2011; 737(2). DOI:10.1088/0004-637X/737/2/101 · 6.28 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We describe a technique for simultaneously classifying and estimating the redshift of quasars. It can separate quasars from stars in arbitrary redshift ranges, estimate full posterior distribution functions for the redshift, and naturally incorporate flux uncertainties, missing data, and multi-wavelength photometry. We build models of quasars in flux-redshift space by applying the extreme deconvolution technique to estimate the underlying density. By integrating this density over redshift one can obtain quasar flux-densities in different redshift ranges. This approach allows for efficient, consistent, and fast classification and photometric redshift estimation. This is achieved by combining the speed obtained by choosing simple analytical forms as the basis of our density model with the flexibility of non-parametric models through the use of many simple components with many parameters. We show that this technique is competitive with the best photometric quasar classification techniques---which are limited to fixed, broad redshift ranges and high signal-to-noise ratio data---and with the best photometric redshift techniques when applied to broadband optical data. We demonstrate that the inclusion of UV and NIR data significantly improves photometric quasar--star separation and essentially resolves all of the redshift degeneracies for quasars inherent to the ugriz filter system, even when included data have a low signal-to-noise ratio. For quasars spectroscopically confirmed by the SDSS 84 and 97 percent of the objects with GALEX UV and UKIDSS NIR data have photometric redshifts within 0.1 and 0.3, respectively, of the spectroscopic redshift; this amounts to about a factor of three improvement over ugriz-only photometric redshifts. Our code to calculate quasar probabilities and redshift probability distributions is publicly available.
    The Astrophysical Journal 05/2011; 749(1). DOI:10.1088/0004-637X/749/1/41 · 6.28 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We presentChandra X-ray imaging and spectroscopy for 14 quasars in spatially resolved pairs tar-geted as part of a complete sample of binary quasars with small transverse separations drawn from Sloan Digital Sky Survey (DR6) photometry. We measure the X-ray properties of all 14 QSOs, and study the distribution of X-ray and optical-to-X-ray power-law indices in these binary quasars. We find no significant difference when compared with large control samples of isolated quasars, true even for SDSS J1254+0846, discussed in detail in a companion paper, which clearly inhabits an ongoing, pre-coalescence galaxy merger showing obvious tidal tails. We present infrared photometry from our observations with SWIRC at the MMT, and from the WISE Preliminary Data Release, and fit simple spectral energy distributions to all 14 QSOs. We find preliminary evidence that substantial contri-butions from star formation are required, but possibly no more so than for isolated X-ray-detected QSOs. Sensitive searches of the X-ray images for extended emission, and the optical images for optical galaxy excess show that these binary QSOs — expected to occur in strong peaks of the dark matter distribution — are not preferentially found in rich cluster environments. While larger binary QSO samples with richer far-IR and sub-millimeter multiwavelength data might better reveal signatures of merging and triggering, optical color-selection of QSO pairs may be biased against such signatures. X-ray and/or variability selection of QSO pairs, while challenging, should be attempted. We present in our Appendix a primer on X-ray flux and luminosity calculations.
    The Astrophysical Journal 10/2011; 743(1). DOI:10.1088/0004-637X/743/1/81 · 6.28 Impact Factor
Show more