Magnetoelastic effects in Jahn–Teller distorted CrF2 and CuF2 studied by neutron powder diffraction
ABSTRACT We have studied the temperature dependence of the crystal and magnetic structures of the Jahn–Teller distorted transition metal difluorides CrF2 and CuF2 by neutron powder diffraction in the temperature range 2–280 K. The lattice parameters and the unit cell volume show magnetoelastic effects below the Néel temperature. The lattice strain due to the magnetostriction effect couples with the square of the order parameter of the antiferromagnetic phase transition. We also investigated the temperature dependence of the Jahn–Teller distortion, which does not show any significant effect at the antiferromagnetic phase transition but increases linearly with increasing temperature for CrF2, and remains almost independent of temperature in CuF2. The magnitude of magnetovolume effect seems to increase with the low temperature saturated magnetic moment of the transition metal ions but the correlation is not at all perfect.