Preliminary Comparative Phytochemical Screening of Euphorbia Species
ABSTRACT Phytochemical screening tests were performed first before bulk extractions. Phytochemical screening resulted in the isolation of new and novel compounds proved to be a leading candidate to fight diseases including cancer. Aerial parts of Euphorbia prostrate, Euphorbia milii, Euphorbia hirta and Euphorbia helioscopia were used for phytochemical screening for the presence of different classes of secondary metabolites. The phytochemical screening revealed the presence of terpenoids, flavonides and tennins which are given in table (2-5). The IR spectroscopy of the crude extracts indicated the presence of OH, CH stretching saturated, C=O, C=C, NO2, C-N, Ar-O, C-O- , R-O-, C-Cl Stretching respectively
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ABSTRACT: The crude methanolic extract of aerial parts of Euphorbia milli was tested for its antinociceptive property. The antinociceptive effect was evaluated usin chemical (acetic acid) induced pain paradigm. The acetic acid induced writhing was significantly attenuated by the crude methanolic extract. The mean number of writhing reduction of the crude methanolic extract was 12.34, 32.54 and 71.44 % at the tested doses of 50, 100 and 150 mg/kg respectively. The percent effect of diclofenac sodium was 82.34% was nearest to our tested sample. The crude methanolic extract demonstrated a dose and time dependent effect.Middle-East Journal of Medicinal Plants Research. 01/2012; 1(3):68-70.
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ABSTRACT: Desmodium elegans is medicinal plants commonly used for the treatment of jaundice, fever, paralysis, oedema, asthma, cold, constipation, cough, convulsion, cholestylithiasis and urolithiasis. The present investigation intended with various phytochemical screening and biological studies were carried out on the bark of Desmodium elegans. Preliminary phytochemical test of the crude extract and various fractions revealed the presence of, steroids, Saponins, tannins, reducing sugars, cardiac glycosides and caumarines. The antimicrobial activity and Phytotoxicity activities of crude extract and various fractions of D. elegans were investigated. Significance phytotoxic activity was observed at higher concentration. INTRODUCTION healing wounds [3-5]. Previous studies have revealed thatMiddle-East Journal of Scientific Research. 01/2012; 11(11-14):1591-1594.