Application of a Self-Similar Pressure Profile to Sunyaev-Zel'Dovich Effect Data from Galaxy Clusters

The Astrophysical Journal (Impact Factor: 6.28). 03/2009; 694(2):1034. DOI: 10.1088/0004-637X/694/2/1034
Source: arXiv

ABSTRACT We investigate the utility of a new, self-similar pressure profile for fitting Sunyaev-Zel'dovich (SZ) effect observations of galaxy clusters. Current SZ imaging instruments-such as the Sunyaev-Zel'dovich Array (SZA)-are capable of probing clusters over a large range in a physical scale. A model is therefore required that can accurately describe a cluster's pressure profile over a broad range of radii from the core of the cluster out to a significant fraction of the virial radius. In the analysis presented here, we fit a radial pressure profile derived from simulations and detailed X-ray analysis of relaxed clusters to SZA observations of three clusters with exceptionally high-quality X-ray data: A1835, A1914, and CL J1226.9+3332. From the joint analysis of the SZ and X-ray data, we derive physical properties such as gas mass, total mass, gas fraction and the intrinsic, integrated Compton y-parameter. We find that parameters derived from the joint fit to the SZ and X-ray data agree well with a detailed, independent X-ray-only analysis of the same clusters. In particular, we find that, when combined with X-ray imaging data, this new pressure profile yields an independent electron radial temperature profile that is in good agreement with spectroscopic X-ray measurements.

  • Source
    The Astrophysical Journal Letters 02/2012; 746(2):L29. · 5.60 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The prime evidence underpinning the standard Λ cold dark matter cosmological model is the cosmic microwave background (CMB) power spectrum as observed by Wilkinson Microwave Anisotropy Probe (WMAP) and other microwave experiments. But Sawangwit and Shanks have recently shown that the WMAP CMB power spectrum is highly sensitive to the beam profile of the WMAP telescope. Here, we use the source catalogue from the Planck early data release to test further the WMAP beam profiles. We confirm that stacked beam profiles at Q, V and particularly at W, appear wider than expected when compared to the Jupiter beam, normalized either directly to the radio source profiles or using Planck fluxes. The same result is also found based on WMAP-CMB-free source catalogues and NRAO VLA Sky Survey (NVSS) sources. The accuracy of our beam profile measurements is supported by analysis of CMB sky simulations. However, the beam profiles from WMAP7 at the W band are narrower than previously found in WMAP5 data and the rejection of the WMAP beam is now only at the ≈3σ level. We also find that the WMAP source fluxes demonstrate possible non-linearity with Planck fluxes. But including ground-based and Planck data for the bright Weiland et al. sources may suggest that the discrepancy is a linear offset rather than a non-linearity. Additionally, we find that the stacked Sunyaev-Zel'dovich (SZ) decrements of ≈151 galaxy clusters observed by Planck are in agreement with the WMAP data. We find that there is no evidence for a WMAP SZ deficit as has previously been reported. In the particular case of Coma, we find evidence for the presence of an {O}(0.1 mK) downwards CMB fluctuation. We conclude that beam profile systematics can have significant effects on both the amplitude and position of the acoustic peaks, with potentially important implications for cosmology parameter fitting.
    Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society 01/2014; 437(1):622-640. · 5.23 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Until recently, only about 10 % of the total intracluster gas volume had been studied with high accuracy, leaving a vast region essentially unexplored. This is now changing and a wide area of hot gas physics and chemistry awaits discovery in galaxy cluster outskirts. Also, robust large-scale total mass profiles and maps are within reach. First observational and theoretical results in this emerging field have been achieved in recent years with sometimes surprising findings. Here, we summarize and illustrate the relevant underlying physical and chemical processes and review the recent progress in X-ray, Sunyaev–Zel’dovich, and weak gravitational lensing observations of cluster outskirts, including also brief discussions of technical challenges and possible future improvements.
    Space Science Reviews 08/2013; 177(1-4). · 5.87 Impact Factor

Full-text (4 Sources)

Available from
May 29, 2014