Texto Básico de Economia Agrícola: Su importancia para el Desarrollo Local Sostenible
ABSTRACT The present works is part of my doctoral dissertation for getting title of Doctor of Philosophy with major in Science and Specialization in the Economics of Agriculture and Local Development. The research hypothesis was: “If agricultural and forest activities apply agricultural economics, then it highlights the important element for sustainable local development, useful for the policy maker and decisions taker”. Therefore, the study makes emphasis in the importance for applying agricultural economics to the forest and agricultural activities. The agricultural economics basic text is an elemental document for the agricultural economics curricular component; it is a component for the agricultural and economic science careers. The academic objective is to bring to students, professionals, and academics a basic document for developing the agricultural economics curricular component and make available the analytic instruments for developing practice exercises and examples of the all pertinent issues. Hence, I pretend highlights the importance of the agricultural economics for sustainable local development and his applicability to the forest and agricultural sector. I offer the methodology for making analysis the sector, the adequate strategies for accomplishment the sustainable rural development. Generally, we find us in the sector forest and agricultural the academic tasks and the researching with the necessary to validate, or to demonstrate the profitability of experiment, or the introduction a new technology, or the building a cost structure for a determinate agricultural item, or the marketing study for a agricultural item, etc., this issues are themes where the agricultural economics have a directory roll in the solution of this alternatives where the policy makers will have to choose. Therefore, the reader will find, in this book, the necessary techniques for contributing to sustainable local development with research that measures the impact for the policy and the measures taken for the local actors.
SourceAvailable from: Carlos Alberto Zúniga González[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The purpose of this paper was to study the productivity where renewable energy resources and non-renewable resources for generating electricity in power plants connected to the national grid of Nicaragua were used. This article analyzed the total factor productivity of Bioeconomy for the generation of electricity from plants using sugarcane bagasse (biomass) as a renewable resource and petroleum. The data envelopment analysis (DEA) and the Malmquist index were used to measure the total factor productivity of power generation utilities connected to the national grid of Nicaragua. The results obtained by comparing sugar mills connected to the SIN was that Monte Rosa mill has a higher rate of increase in productivity due to the change of total factor productivity and when comparing thermal plants that employ petroleum products in power generation, the more efficient were ALBANISA, GECSA and TIPITAPA POWER; but when comparing thermal plants and some using renewable energy San Antonio sugar mill and ALBANISA were more efficient.Journal of Agricultural Studies 03/2013; 1(1):81-102.
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ABSTRACT: This paper develops a new measure of total factor productivity growth in agricultural Production which incorporates Bio Economic components effects.The new measure is called the Bio Economic-Oriented Total Factor Productivity (BTFP) index, and incorporates components of Bio Economic as liquid biofuels. BTFP measure changes in Bio Economic efficiency and can be decomposed into bio economy efficiency change (BEC), and Bio Economic technological change (BTC) components.An empirical analysis, involving 7 Central American countries-level during 1980-2007, is provided using DEA methods. The results have shown a positive annual growth in bio economy total factor productivity of 1.1 percent. This change is explained by 0.03 percent per year in the bio economy efficiency change (or bio economy catch-up) and bio economy technical change (or bio ethanol frontier-shift) is providing 0.09 percent.Journal of Agricultural Studies 12/2012; 1(1):29. DOI:10.5296/jas.v1i1.2383