Floating-Harbor syndrome (FHS) is a rare disorder characterized by short stature, delayed bone age, speech delay, and dysmorphic facial features. We report here the molecular analysis of nine cases, fulfilling the diagnostic criteria for FHS. Using exome sequencing, we identified SRCAP as the disease gene in two cases and subsequently found SRCAP truncating mutations in 6/9 cases. All mutations occurred de novo and were located in exon 34, in accordance with the recent report of Hood et al. However, the absence of SRCAP mutations in 3/9 cases supported genetic heterogeneity of FH syndrome. Importantly, no major clinical differences were observed supporting clinical homogeneity in this series of FHS patients.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Floating-Harbor syndrome (FHS) is a rare condition characterized by short stature, delays in expressive language, and a distinctive facial appearance. Recently, heterozygous truncating mutations in SRCAP were determined to be disease-causing. With the availability of a DNA based confirmatory test, we set forth to define the clinical features of this syndrome.
Methods and results
Clinical information on fifty-two individuals with SRCAP mutations was collected using standardized questionnaires. Twenty-four males and twenty-eight females were studied with ages ranging from 2 to 52 years. The facial phenotype and expressive language impairments were defining features within the group. Height measurements were typically between minus two and minus four standard deviations, with occipitofrontal circumferences usually within the average range. Thirty-three of the subjects (63%) had at least one major anomaly requiring medical intervention. We did not observe any specific phenotype-genotype correlations.
This large cohort of individuals with molecularly confirmed FHS has allowed us to better delineate the clinical features of this rare but classic genetic syndrome, thereby facilitating the development of management protocols.
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