ISH-guided freeze-matrix assisted punches: technique for extracting punches from thin slide-mounted tissues for DNA methylation analysis
ABSTRACT Dissection of discrete brain regions for molecular analysis is complicated by trade-offs between accuracy, flexibility, and costs. We developed a flexible and cost-effective method, in situ hybridization (ISH) guided freeze-matrix assisted punches (IFAP), for extracting nanogram quantities of DNA from slide-mounted sections as thin as 12 μm. Using ISH to localize regions of interest, tissue is targeted by applying a small bead of M-1 embedding matrix onto cryosections, snap-freezing, and collecting the beads for nucleic acid purification. The method quantitatively recovers RNA and DNA usable for PCR and DNA methylation analysis.
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ABSTRACT: Adverse early life experiences (aELEs), such as child abuse, neglect, or trauma, increase lifetime vulnerability for mental illness. In this study, aELEs were modeled in c57bl/6 mice using the maternal separation (MS) paradigm, in which pups were separated for 180min/day (MS180), 15min/day (MS15), or left undisturbed (AFR) from postnatal day 2-14. As adults, pups that experienced MS15 or MS180 demonstrated decreases in tryptophan hydroxylase 2 (TPH2) and serotonin transporter mRNA in the dorsal raphe dorsalis and ventralis, and increases in glucocorticoid receptor mRNA in the dentate gyrus of the hippocampus. To investigate factors underlying shared expression between MS conditions, dam on-nest time and DNA methylation at the TPH2 promoter and 5' UTR were assessed. Post-reunion on-nest time increased as a function of separation duration, potentially serving as a mitigating factor underlying similar expression between MS conditions. TPH2 DNA methylation remained unchanged, suggesting changes in TPH2 mRNA are not mediated by changes in DNA methylation of this region. The shared pattern of expression between MS15 and MS180 conditions suggests a species- or strain- specific response to MS unique to c57bl/6 mice.Brain research 03/2013; DOI:10.1016/j.brainres.2013.03.032 · 2.83 Impact Factor