miR-10 Regulates the Angiogenic Behavior of Zebrafish and Human Endothelial Cells by Promoting VEGF Signaling.
ABSTRACT Rationale: Formation and remodeling of the vasculature during development and disease involves a highly conserved and precisely regulated network of attractants and repellants. Various signaling pathways control the behavior of endothelial cells, but their post-transcriptional dose-titration by miRNAs is poorly understood. Objective: To identify miRNAs that regulate angiogenesis. Methods and Results: We show that the highly conserved microRNA family encoding miR-10 regulates the behavior of endothelial cells during angiogenesis by positively titrating pro-angiogenic signaling. Knockdown of miR-10 led to premature truncation of intersegmental vessel growth (ISV) in the trunk of zebrafish larvae, while overexpression of miR-10 promoted angiogenic behavior in zebrafish and cultured human umbilical venous endothelial cells (HUVECs). We found that miR-10 functions, in part, by directly regulating the level of fms-related tyrosine kinase 1 (FLT1), a cell-surface protein that sequesters VEGF, and its soluble splice variant sFLT1. The increase in FLT1/sFLT1 protein levels upon miR-10 knockdown in zebrafish and in HUVECs inhibited the angiogenic behavior of endothelial cells largely by antagonizing VEGF receptor-2 signaling. Conclusions: Our study provides insights into how FLT1 and VEGF receptor-2 signaling is titrated in a miRNA-mediated manner and establishes miR-10 as a potential new target for the selective modulation of angiogenesis.
- Circulation Research 09/2014; 115(7):e11-7. · 11.09 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: According to the World Health Organization, cardiovascular disease accounts for approximately 30% of all deaths in the United States, and is the worldwide leading cause of morbidity and mortality. Over the last several years, microRNAs have emerged as critical regulators of physiological homeostasis in multiple organ systems, including the cardiovascular system. The focus of this review is to provide an overview of the current state of knowledge of the molecular mechanisms contributing to the multiple causes of cardiovascular disease with respect to regulation by microRNAs. A major challenge in understanding the roles of microRNAs in the pathophysiology of cardiovascular disease is that cardiovascular disease may arise from perturbations in intracellular signaling in multiple cell types including vascular smooth muscle and endothelial cells, cardiac myocytes and fibroblasts, as well as hepatocytes, pancreatic β-cells, and others. Additionally, perturbations in intracellular signaling cascades may also have profound effects on heterocellular communication via secreted cytokines and growth factors. There has been much progress in recent years to identify the microRNAs that are both dysregulated under pathological conditions, as well as the signaling pathway(s) regulated by an individual microRNA. The goal of this review is to summarize what is currently known about the mechanisms whereby microRNAs maintain cardiovascular homeostasis and to attempt to identify some key unresolved questions that require further study.Genes & Diseases. 03/2014;
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ABSTRACT: Nucleoside diphosphate kinase B (NDPKB) participates in the activation of heterotrimeric and monomeric G proteins, which are pivotal mediators in angiogenic signaling. The role of NDPKB in angiogenesis has to date not been defined. Therefore, we analyzed the contribution of NDPKB to angiogenesis and its underlying mechanisms in well-characterized in vivo and in vitro models.Arteriosclerosis Thrombosis and Vascular Biology 08/2014; · 5.53 Impact Factor