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Una nueva Podocarpácea fértil (Coniferal) del Cretácico inferior de Patagonia

AMEGHINIANA (Impact Factor: 1.17). 01/1990;

ABSTRACT The new genus, Morenoa fertilis from the early Cretaceous beds of the Baqueró Formation (Santa Cruz Province, Argentina) is here described. This conifer is referred to the family Podocarpaceae on account of its vegetative as well as reproductive male organs that include bisaccate pollen grains. The ultrastructure of the leaf cuticle (of the Elatocldus type) and the pollen grains (of the Podocarpidites type) was studied with transmission electron microscopy. Comparision with fossil and extant taxa of the family are also made, including the other three fossil genera known in fertile state from the same formation. The excellent preservation of the closed pollen sacs permitted the recognition of still inmature tetrads and a high inner content of Ubisch bodies. Epiphyllous fungi were also recognized on the leaf epidermis suggesting a mild and humid climatic regime.Some degradation of the leaf cuticles was observed, possibly related in part to fungal activity.

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    ABSTRACT: The development of the microsporangium and male gametophyte of three species of Podocarpus was studied with light microscopy (LM) and the morphology of pollen with scanning and transmission electron microscopy (SEM and TEM). During early stages, the male cone is covered with coriaceous scales. The archesporid cells go through a dormant period. Later the pollen mother cells differentiate and undergo meiosis. Callose is detected around the tetrad and between each monad. The microspore nucleus divides several times to give rise to a multicellular gametophyte, which includes the tube cell, the stalk and body cells, and four prothallial cells. The exine of the pollen grain is rugulate in the corpus and quite smooth in the sacci. The ultrastructure of the pollen wall consists of the alveolate sexine, the laminate nexine I and the amorphous nexine II. The intine is very thin. Comparison of the mature grain of some fossils with living members of the Podocarpaceae reveals great similarity.
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