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    ABSTRACT: There are at least two binding sites for the mouse egg zona pellucida on the surface of mouse sperm: a site with galactosyltransferase (GT) activity inhibitable by uridine-5'-diphosphate-dialdehyde (UDPd) and alpha-lactalbumin, and a trypsin inhibitor-sensitive (TI) site that hydrolyzes guanidinobenzoate (GB) esters. Characterization of GT activity gave the Km for UDP galactose as 37 microM with N-acetylglucosamine as galactose acceptor, and Vmax as 0.37 pmol/min/10(6) sperm. UDP galactose from 12.5-100 microM inhibited sperm binding to zona-intact eggs in a concentration-dependent manner with close correlation to GT activity (r = 0.95). To assess the independence and spatial relationship of the two types of site, cross-perturbation studies were performed. p-Nitrophenyl-GB, a low molecular mass inhibitor specific for the TI site, had no effect on the enzyme activity of the GT site. Conversely, UDPd, a specific inhibitor of GT, had no effect on GB hydrolysis. Weak inhibitions were found when soybean trypsin inhibitor (SBTI) was included with the GT assay and when GB hydrolysis was assayed in the presence of alpha-lactalbumin or asialo-agalacto-(alpha 1-acid glycoprotein). Acid-solubilized zona protein (ASZP) weakly inhibited the GT reaction, while stronger inhibition was seen with chymotrypsin-solubilized zona protein (CSZP). ASZP inhibited sperm binding to zonae with the same concentration dependence associated with inhibition of GB hydrolysis, but the inhibition of GT enzyme activity was on the same order as that found with SBTI, indicating that ASZP was only binding to the TI site under enzyme assay conditions. The results support the hypothesis that the two types of site are independent in binding their specific zona ligands, but are close enough for steric perturbation of the enzyme activity of one site by macromolecules bound to the other. The different interactions of solubilized zona preparations with the GT site under enzyme assay conditions are an indication that conditions which favor the enzyme activity of the site may interfere with the physiological binding functions of the site.
    Biology of Reproduction 10/1988; 39(2):235-44. DOI:10.1095/biolreprod39.2.235 · 3.32 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: En conclusión, nuestros resultados indican un efecto favorable del LFb adicionado inmediatamente a la inseminación in vitro, independientemente de si el mismo se obtuvo de folículos entre 5 a 7 mm o de más de 15 mm de diámetro (pre-ovulatorios).
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    ABSTRACT: A procedure to obtain high and repeatable fertilization frequencies for bovine in vitro fertilization (IVF) with frozen-thawed sperm was developed. IVF frequency of in vitro matured oocytes was increased by a swimup sperm separation procedure (P=0.01) or treatment of sperm with the glycosaminoglycan heparin (P=0.0001), but the two factors did not interact (P=0.23). Heparin was the most important factor in increasing IVF frequencies. The fertilization frequency was not affected by the batch of oocytes used (P=0.38), but bull effects were present (P<0.05). Within a bull, the IVF system was highly repeatable and varied between trials no more than +/- 12% in fertilization frequency with an overall fertilization frequency of 299 379 (79%) on four trials over four bulls. In vivo matured oocytes fertilized in vitro were transferred to ewe or heifer oviducts. Morulae or blastocysts were recovered from ewes after four to five days, while conceptuses were present in the bovine after 25 days (diagnosed by ultrasound). Embryonic development from the IVF system either pre- or postimplantation was normal.
    Theriogenology 04/1986; 25(4):591-600. DOI:10.1016/0093-691X(86)90143-3 · 1.80 Impact Factor
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