Article

Transthyretin (TTR) Cardiac Amyloidosis

Section of Cardiovascular Medicine, Department of Medicine, Boston Medical Center, 88 E Newton St, Boston, MA 02118. .
Circulation (Impact Factor: 14.95). 09/2012; 126(10):1286-300. DOI: 10.1161/CIRCULATIONAHA.111.078915
Source: PubMed
0 Followers
 · 
95 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: As a biomarker of beta-amyloid, positron emission tomography (PET) amyloid imaging offers a unique opportunity to detect the presence of this protein in the human body during life. Besides Alzheimer's disease (AD), deposits of beta-amyloid in the brain are also present in other neurodegenerative diseases associated to dementia, such as Parkinson's disease and dementia with Lewy bodies, as well as in other processes affecting brain function, such as cerebral amyloid angiopathy, brain trauma, Down's syndrome and meningiomas, as shown by post-mortem pathology studies. Furthermore, in systemic amyloidosis other organs besides the brain are affected, and amyloid PET imaging may be suitable for the identification of these extra-cerebral amyloid depositions. Finally, the potential use of amyloid PET tracer accumulation in cerebral white matter (WM) as a marker of myelin is being investigated, leading to some promising results in patients with WM lesions and multiple sclerosis. In this article, a review of the ongoing research pointing to a broader application of amyloid PET imaging in clinical practice beyond AD is provided.
    01/2015; 3(1):39-55. DOI:10.1007/s40336-014-0098-3
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Amyloidosis is a rare, multisystem disease characterized by deposition of fibrils in extracellular tissue involving kidney, liver, heart, autonomic nervous system, and several other organs. This report discusses a 75-year-old male who presented with worsening dyspnea on exertion, orthopnea, and lower-extremity edema. On physical exam, he had elevated jugular venous pressure and lowerextremity edema. Electrocardiogram depicted low voltage in limb leads and a prolonged PR interval. Echocardiogram revealed left ventricular hypertrophy, severe biatrial dilatation, and restrictive filling physiology. Coronary angiography showed absence of significant epicardial coronary artery disease. On right heart catheterization, a "dip-and-plateau sign" was noted on right ventricular pressure tracings. A diagnosis of cardiac amyloidosis was considered, but a complete hematology work-up for systemic amyloidosis was negative. Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging was pursued, showing delayed gadolinium enhancement, and this ultimately led to the myocardial biopsy confirming the diagnosis of isolated cardiac amyloidosis. Further genetic analyses confirmed isolated cardiac amyloid caused by mutant transthyretin protein (Val-122-Ile). Isolated cardiac amyloidosis is an extremely rare entity, and diagnosis may be difficult despite the use of multimodality imaging. If the index of suspicion is high, then myocardial biopsy should be considered.
    Methodist DeBakey cardiovascular journal 01/2015; 11(1):53-8. DOI:10.14797/mdcj-11-1-53
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Cardiac amyloidosis is a very rare cause of heart failure in heart transplant recipients but an important differential diagnosis in cases of progressive cardiac failure. We report a 72-year-old male patient with the diagnosis of senile systemic amyloidosis (SSA) in a transplanted heart 15 years after transplantation by the initial diagnosis of the dilated cardiomyopathy. Additionally performed immunohistochemical analysis with anti-transthyretin antibody of the cardiac biopsies of the last 15 years enabled the possibility to show the evolution of this disease with characteristic biphasic pattern.
    02/2015; 4(1):60-4. DOI:10.5582/irdr.2014.01036