Article

Regulation of plasmacytoid dendritic cell responses by PIR-B.

Department of Experimental Immunology, Institute of Development, Aging and Cancer, Tohoku University, Sendai, Japan
Blood (Impact Factor: 9.78). 09/2012; 120(16):3256-9. DOI: 10.1182/blood-2012-03-419093
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Plasmacytoid dendritic cells (PDCs) produce type I interferons (IFNs) in response to viral nucleic acids to exert antiviral immunity. However, PDCs are related to the progress and severity of autoimmune diseases, such as systemic lupus erythematosus, because they respond to host DNA. Therefore, the regulation of PDC activation is critical for maintaining adequate immune responses. Here we show that an inhibitory major histocompatibility complex class I receptor, paired immunoglobulin-like receptor B (PIR-B), suppressed Fms-like tyrosine kinase 3 ligand-induced PDC differentiation in BM cells, as well as Toll-like receptor 9-mediated IFN-α production by PDCs, through the dephosphorylation of STAT1/STAT2. In particular, PIR-B inhibited IFN-α-mediated STAT phosphorylation, suggesting that PIR-B negatively regulates the positive feedback mechanism of IFN-α secretion triggered by Toll-like receptor 9. These results demonstrate a novel regulatory role for PIR-B in PDCs.

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