Detection and Isolation of Yersinia pestis Without Fraction 1 Antigen by Monoclonal Antibody in Foods and Water.

Center for Food Safety, University of Georgia, Griffin, Georgia 30223-1797, USA.
Journal of food protection (Impact Factor: 1.8). 09/2012; 75(9):1555-61. DOI: 10.4315/0362-028X.JFP-11-514
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Most available immunoassays for Yersinia pestis are based on the detection of fraction 1 antigen (F1) when yersiniae are grown at 37°C. A monoclonal antibody (MAb) was developed based on the detection of surface antigens that are not F1. F1-deficient Y. pestis cells were induced and used to immunize BALB/c mice from which MAb (immunoglobulin G1), which specifically recognizes Y. pestis, with or without F1, was obtained. This MAb (6B5) did not cross-react with enteric bacteria, including Yersinia enterocolitica. Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay results revealed that MAb 6B5 is specific for Y. pestis, with the exception of a minor cross-reaction with Yersinia pseudotuberculosis. Western immunoblot analysis revealed that MAb 6B5 recognizes a Y. pestis outer membrane protein of ca. 30 kDa. Magnetic beads that were coated with MAb 6B5 were compared with beads coated with polyclonal antibody (PAb; rabbit) against Y. pestis for the isolation of Y. pestis in food and water samples by using a PATHATRIX cell concentration apparatus. Enrichment cultures of Y. pestis in different foods by using two different times (6 and 24 h) in brain heart infusion broth at 37°C were evaluated. Results revealed MAb 6B5-coated magnetic beads were equivalent to magnetic beads coated with PAb against Y. pestis A1122 whole cells in concentrating Y. pestis for isolation, especially when samples were enriched for 6 h. However, the selectivity for Y. pestis of the magnetic beads coated with MAb 6B5 was greater than that coated with PAb.