This randomised, placebo-controlled single-blind trial investigated the safety and efficacy of SAMITAL®, a formulation of highly standardised botanical extracts, in the treatment of chemo/radiotherapy-induced oral mucositis (OM) in patients with head and neck cancer.
Patients received SAMITAL® or placebo four times daily for up to 50 days during scheduled chemo/radiotherapy. Severity of OM was monitored according to a modified WHO severity scale, and pain and quality-of-life assessments were based on the effect of symptoms of OM on relevant daily activities, according to a visual analogue scale.
Mean scores for the severity of OM were significantly (p < 0.05 versus baseline) reduced from day 31 until the end of treatment in patients treated with SAMITAL® (n = 20). No significant improvement was observed in the placebo group (n = 10). Pain reduction was significant from day 4 till end of treatment with SAMITAL® and from days 7 to 21 in placebo patients. SAMITAL® also significantly improved quality of life, as shown by improvements in scores for relevant daily activities including eating, drinking and sleeping. All SAMITAL® patients completed the treatment period, but no placebo recipients completed treatment. No severe adverse events were observed with SAMITAL®, and systemic absorption of relevant active ingredients was undetectable.
SAMITAL® significantly decreased the severity of chemo/radiotherapy-induced OM in patients with head and neck cancer, with no treatment-related adverse events. Pain relief lasted through the treatment period, and improvements in quality of life were reflected by the significant benefits of SAMITAL® on activities like drinking, eating and speaking.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Aim:
We sought to evaluate the efficacy and safety of SAMITAL(®) (Indena SpA, Milan, Italy), a highly standardized botanical formulation, in reducing mucositis in patients undergoing treatment for hematological malignancies.
Patients & methods:
In this observational, uncontrolled study, a total of 25 consecutively enrolled patients (19 males, aged 18-74 years) with chemotherapy-induced mucositis were compassionately treated orally with SAMITAL (three to four times per day) for 4-22 days per cycle.
Patients demonstrated clinically relevant reductions in WHO mucositis grade with a reduction in pain, mucosal erosions, bleeding, dysphagia/feeding impairment and improvements in quality of life. SAMITAL was well tolerated and no local or systemic pharmacological, allergic, toxic or synergistic/antagonistic side effects were reported. Of note, SAMITAL also showed efficacy when administered prophylactically.
These results add weight to previous experiences with SAMITAL. However, randomized, placebo-controlled clinical trials will need to confirm the suitability of SAMITAL for use in the treatment of mucositis.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: SAMITAL(®) (Indena SpA, Milan, Italy) is a new multicomponent and multiacting botanical formulation rationally designed for the relief of oral mucositis induced by chemotherapy and/or radiotherapy in oncological patients. Each of the individual botanical constituents of SAMITAL-standardized extracts of Vaccinium myrtillus, Macleaya cordata and Echinacea angustifolia have a long history of clinical use that corroborates their safety and activity in SAMITAL. A number of pilot trials in oncological patients demonstrated that SAMITAL has good clinical efficacy and tolerability as evidenced by its significant effects in terms of reduction of mucositis, pain and a general improvement in patient quality of life. Importantly, the use of this botanical formulation had the added benefit that patients were able to complete their chemotherapy/radiotherapy regimen. Phase II trials with SAMITAL as part of an overall clinical development program are currently ongoing in Italy and are planned in the USA.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Objectives
The work proposes suggestions for the dentist as to the potential utilities of plant-derived products, in terms of oral disease prevention and therapy. Nutraceuticals are bioactive phytochemicals able to prevent and/or treat diseases by virtue of their biological activities.
Materials and methods
The international scientific studies were carefully examined in order to identify strengths and weaknesses of the different nutraceuticals used, such as in particular phenolic compounds, isoprenoids and alkaloids, and, therefore, obtain recommendations useful for the clinician.
Results and conclusions
Data show a general lack of randomized clinical allowing to draw conclusive clinical recommendations. High intake of fruits and vegetables is inversely associated to oral cancer as well as the antibacterial and wound-healing properties of essential oils and Aloe vera, respectively, are well-documented. The dentist plays a pivotal role in providing the patient with dietary guidelines which, if combined with a regular and moderate physical activity, may improve both general and oral health conditions.
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