To clarify the prognostic value of conventional EEG for the identification of preterm infants at risk for subsequent adverse neurodevelopment in the current perinatal care and medicine setting.
We studied 780 EEG records of 333 preterm infants born <34 weeks' gestation between 2002 and 2008. Serial EEG recordings were conducted during 3 time periods; at least once each within days 6 (first period), during days 7 to 19 (second period), and days 20 to 36 (third period). The presence and the grade of EEG background abnormalities were assessed according to an established classification system. Neurodevelopmental outcomes were assessed at a corrected age of 12 to 18 months.
Of the 333 infants, 33 (10%) had developmental delay and 34 (10%) had cerebral palsy. The presence of EEG abnormalities was significantly predictive of developmental delay and cerebral palsy at all 3 time periods: the first period (n = 265; odds ratio [OR], 4.5; 95% confidence interval [CI], 2.2-9.4), the second period (n = 278; OR, 7.6; 95% CI, 3.6-16), and the third period (n = 237; OR, 5.9; 95% CI, 2.8-13). The grade of EEG abnormalities correlated with the incidence of developmental delay or cerebral palsy in all periods (P < .001). After controlling for other clinical variables, including severe brain injury, EEG abnormality in the second period was an independent predictor of developmental delay (OR, 3.2; 95% CI, 1.1-9.7) and cerebral palsy (OR, 6.8; 95% CI 2.0-23).
EEG abnormalities within the first month of life significantly predict adverse neurodevelopment at a corrected age of 12 to 18 months in the current preterm survivor.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Neonatal intensive care unit (NICU) patients are at high risk for developmental disabilities such as cerebral palsy (CP). Early identification of CP is essential to effective rehabilitation, but diagnosis is often delayed, especially in preterm infants. We hypothesized that through the longitudinal evaluation of motor trajectories in the NICU follow-up clinic, we could distinguish infants who develop CP by 3years of age.
This was a retrospective study of 606 patients in the NICU Follow-up Clinic at Vanderbilt University with birth weight <1500g or a diagnosis of hypoxic ischemic encephalopathy.
Assessments included neurologic exams, the Developmental Assessment of Young Children (DAYC), the Bayley Scales of Infant Development (BSID) and the Gross Motor Function Classification Scale.
A decrease in DAYC scores between 6 and 12months was present in preterm and term infants later diagnosed with CP, but not in children without CP (-23 vs. +1.5, p<0.001). DAYC score decreases in infancy were highly predictive of later CP (p<0.001). BSID scores quantified severe motor delays but did not add to prediction of CP diagnosis.
Standardized assessments of motor milestones quantitatively predict the risk of CP in former NICU patients by 12months, allowing for timely diagnosis, counseling and therapy in high-risk infants.
Early human development 07/2013; 89(10). DOI:10.1016/j.earlhumdev.2013.06.004 · 1.79 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Background and purpose:
An increased prevalence of disabilities is being observed as more preterm infants survive. This study was conducted to evaluate correlations between brain MR imaging measurements taken at a term-equivalent age and neurodevelopmental outcome at 2 years' corrected age among very low-birth-weight infants.
Materials and methods:
Of the various brain MR imaging measurements obtained at term-equivalent ages, reproducible measurements of the transcerebellar diameter and anteroposterior length of the corpus callosum on sagittal images were compared with neurodevelopmental outcomes evaluated by the Bayley Scales of Infant Development (II) at 2 years' corrected age (mean ± standard deviation, 16.1 ± 6.4 months of age).
Ninety infants were enrolled. The mean gestational age at birth was 27 weeks and the mean birth weight was 805.5 g. A short corpus callosal length was associated with a Mental Developmental Index <70 (P = .047) and high-risk or diagnosed cerebral palsy (P = .049). A small transcerebellar diameter was associated with a Psychomotor Developmental Index <70 (P = .003), Mental Developmental Index <70 (P = .004), and major neurologic disability (P = .006).
A small transcerebellar diameter and short corpus callosal length on brain MR imaging at a term-equivalent age are related to adverse neurodevelopmental outcomes at a corrected age of 2 years and could be a useful adjunctive tool for counseling parents about future developmental outcomes.
American Journal of Neuroradiology 08/2013; 35(3). DOI:10.3174/ajnr.A3720 · 3.59 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A key feature of normal neonatal EEG at term age is interhemispheric synchrony (IHS), which refers to the temporal co-incidence of bursting across hemispheres during trace alternant EEG activity. The assessment of IHS in both clinical and scientific work relies on visual, qualitative EEG assessment without clearly quantifiable definitions. A quantitative measure, activation synchrony index (ASI), was recently shown to perform well as compared to visual assessments. The present study was set out to test whether IHS is stable enough for clinical use, and whether it could be an objective feature of EEG normality. We analyzed 31 neonatal EEG recordings that had been clinically classified as normal (n = 14) or abnormal (n = 17) using holistic, conventional visual criteria including amplitude, focal differences, qualitative synchrony, and focal abnormalities. We selected 20-min epochs of discontinuous background pattern. ASI values were computed separately for different channel pair combinations and window lengths to define them for the optimal ASI intraindividual stability. Finally, ROC curves were computed to find trade-offs related to compromised data lengths, a common challenge in neonatal EEG studies. Using the average of four consecutive 2.5-min epochs in the centro-occipital bipolar derivations gave ASI estimates that very accurately distinguished babies clinically classified as normal vs. abnormal. It was even possible to draw a cut-off limit (ASI~3.6) which correctly classified the EEGs in 97% of all cases. Finally, we showed that compromising the length of EEG segments from 20 to 5 min leads to increased variability in ASI-based classification. Our findings support the prior literature that IHS is an important feature of normal neonatal brain function. We show that ASI may provide diagnostic value even at individual level, which strongly supports its use in prospective clinical studies on neonatal EEG as well as in the feature set of upcoming EEG classifiers.
Frontiers in Human Neuroscience 12/2014; 8:1030. DOI:10.3389/fnhum.2014.01030 · 2.99 Impact Factor
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