Preparation and characterization of antimicrobial wound dressings based on silver, gellan, PVA and borax

Department of Drug Chemistry and Technologies, Sapienza University of Rome, Piazzale Aldo Moro 5, 00185 Rome, Italy.
Carbohydrate polymers 10/2012; 90(3):1362-70. DOI: 10.1016/j.carbpol.2012.07.005
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Silver-loaded dressings are designed to provide the same antimicrobial activity of topical silver, with the advantages of a sustained silver release and a reduced number of dressing changes. Moreover, such type of dressing must provide a moist environment, avoiding fiber shedding, dehydration and adherence to the wound site. Here we describe the preparation of a novel silver-loaded dressing based on a Gellan/Hyaff(®) (Ge-H) non woven, treated with a polyvinyl alcohol (PVA)/borax system capable to enhance the entrapment of silver in the dressing and to modulate its release. The new hydrophilic non woven dressings show enhanced water uptake capability and slow dehydration rates. A sustained silver release is also achieved. The antibacterial activity was confirmed on Staphylococcus aureus and Pseudomonas aeruginosa.

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The historical use of clay minerals for the treatment of wounds and other skin ailments is well documented and continues within numerous human cultures the world over. However, a more scientific inquiry into the chemistry and properties of clay minerals emerged in the 19th century with work investigating their role within health gathering pace since the second half of the 20th century. This review gives an overview of clay minerals and how their properties can be manipulated to facilitate the treatment of infected wounds. Evidence of the antimicrobial and healing effects of some natural clay minerals is presented alongside a range of chemical modifications including metal-ion exchange, the formation of clay-drug composites and the development of various polymer-clay systems. While the evidence for applying these materials to infected wounds is limited, we contextualize and discuss the future of this research.
    Future medicinal chemistry 04/2014; 6(6):641-655. DOI:10.4155/fmc.14.17 · 4.00 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This study aimed to characterize a lipase that is highly active and stable under typical washing conditions for use as a detergent ingredient by investigating the effects of various boron compounds on lipase stabilization under different conditions. In addition, the antimicrobial activity of the boron compounds used in enzyme stabilization was examined in order to obtain an effective antimicrobial detergent. A lipase-producing bacterium was isolated from kitchen wastewater samples using Rhodamine-B Agar medium and identified as Pseudomonas aeruginosa based on 16S rDNA sequence analysis. The ES3 lipase obtained from P. aeruginosa was purified, and the purified enzyme was found to have a molecular mass of 40 kDa. The enzyme showed optimal activity at pH 9.0–10.0 and 40 °C and remained stable in the presence of various metal ions, surfactants and oxidizing agents. Moreover, the pH stability and thermostability of the enzyme was improved by the addition of boron compounds, which, when used as stabilizers in the incubation media, also increased the stability of the enzyme towards commercial detergents. Furthermore, the enzyme displayed properties comparable with the commercial product Lipolase®, which has shown excellent stability towards various commercial detergents. Finally, boron compounds used to stabilize the lipase were found to possess antimicrobial properties, suggesting that detergents incorporating these compounds will also exhibit antimicrobial activity when washing clothes and dishes.
    Journal of Surfactants and Detergents 03/2015; 18(2). DOI:10.1007/s11743-014-1653-7 · 1.35 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In this work, silver/poly(vinyl alcohol), Ag/PVA, colloidal dispersions were obtained by electrochemical reduction of Ag+. The electrochemical synthesis of silver nanoparticles in aqueous solutions of 5 and 10 wt. % PVA, containing 0.1 M KNO3 and 3.9 mM AgNO3, was performed at a constant current density of 25 mA cm(-2) for a synthesis time of 10 min. The presence of silver nanoparticles was confirmed by UV-Vis spectroscopy. Cyclic voltammetry analysis and FT-IR spectroscopy indicated interactions between the silver nanoparticles and the PVA molecules. TEM analysis confirmed the spherical shape of the obtained silver nanoparticles, with a mean diameter of 15 +/- 9 nm.
    Journal of the Serbian Chemical Society 01/2013; 78(12):2087-2098. DOI:10.2298/JSC131017124S · 0.89 Impact Factor