Association of Sweet's Syndrome and Systemic Lupus Erythematosus

Division of Rheumatology, Department of Medicine, University of California, San Francisco, CA 94143, USA.
Case reports in rheumatology 11/2011; 2011:242681. DOI: 10.1155/2011/242681
Source: PubMed


Sweet's syndrome is an acute febrile neutrophilic dermatosis which usually presents as an idiopathic disorder but can also be drug induced, associated with hematopoetic malignancies and myelodysplastic disorders, and more, infrequently, observed in autoimmune disorders. Sweet's syndrome has been reported in three cases of neonatal lupus, three cases of hydralazine-induced lupus in adults, and in nine pediatric and adult systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) patients. We describe three additional adult cases of Sweet's associated with SLE and provide a focused review on nondrug-induced, nonneonatal SLE and Sweet's. In two of three new cases, as in the majority of prior cases, the skin rash of Sweet's paralleled underlying SLE disease activity. The pathogenesis of Sweet's remains elusive, but evidence suggests that cytokine dysregulation may be central to the clinical and pathological changes in this condition, as well as in SLE. Further research is needed to define the exact relationship between the two conditions.

Download full-text


Available from: Lianne S Gensler, Jan 15, 2014
1 Follower
33 Reads
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Neutrophilic dermatoses are an uncommon manifestation of lupus. We describe the clinical and histopathologic features of 14 patients with systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) and neutrophilic dermatoses, 2 of whom had no prior history of SLE. Thirteen patients were female, ranging in age from 27 to 62 years (mean age, 42.8 years). One patient was a 20-year-old man. Most lesions were described as erythematous papules and plaques and showed annular morphology in 6 patients and a photodistribution in 2 patients. Histopathologic examination in all cases showed an interstitial neutrophilic infiltrate with leukocytoclasis that ranged from sparse in 5 cases and moderate to dense in 9 cases. With one exception, those cases with moderate to dense infiltrates resembled Sweet's syndrome at scanning magnification. Two cases resembled bullous SLE, and 1 case showed overlapping features of bullous SLE and Sweet's syndrome. Interface changes were seen in 8 patients, which were subtle and vacuolar in 7. One case was associated with a florid interface tissue reaction. Dermal mucin was seen in 4 cases and was a prominent feature in only one of these. One case showed a minute discrete focus resembling palisaded neutrophilic and granulomatous dermatitis. It is important to consider SLE-associated neutrophilic dermatosis in the differential diagnosis of neutrophilic tissue reactions particularly because some patients will have no prior history of lupus. It is also important to be aware of the broad histologic spectrum that may be encountered in SLE-associated neutrophilic dermatosis, ranging from subtle paucicellular lesions to florid Sweet's-like lesions associated with a dense neutrophilic infiltrate.
    Human pathology 11/2013; 45(3). DOI:10.1016/j.humpath.2013.10.029 · 2.77 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Periodic fever syndromes are a group of diseases characterized by episodes of fever with healthy intervals between febrile episodes. In the first part of this paper, we presented a guideline for approaching patients with periodic fever and reviewed two common disorders with periodic fever in Iranian patients including familial Mediterranean fever (FMF) and periodic fever syndromes except for periodic fever, aphthous stomatitis, pharyngitis, and cervical adenitis (PFAPA). In this part, we review other autoinflammatory disorders including hyper IgD, tumor necrosis factor receptor-associated periodic syndrome (TRAPS), cryopyrin associated periodic syndromes, autoinflammatory bone disorders and some other rare autoinflammatory disorders such as Sweet's and Blau syndromes. In cryopyrin associated periodic syndromes group, we discussed chronic infantile neurologic cutaneous and articular (CINCA) syndrome, Muckle-Wells syndrome and familial cold autoinflammatory syndrome. Autoinflammatory bone disorders are categorized to monogenic disorders such as pyogenic arthritis, pyoderma ;gangraenosum and acne (PAPA) syndrome, the deficiency of interleukine-1 receptor antagonist (DIRA) and Majeed syndrome and polygenic background or sporadic group such as chronic recurrent multifocal osteomyelitis (CRMO) or synovitis, acne, pustulosis, hyperostosis and osteitis (SAPHO) syndrome are classified in sporadic group. Other autoinflammatory syndromes are rare causes of periodic fever in Iranian system registry.
    Iranian Journal of Pediatrics 06/2014; 24(3):229-40. · 0.52 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The pathophysiology of neutrophilic dermatoses (NDs) and autoimmune connective tissue diseases (AICTDs) is incompletely understood. The association between NDs and AICTDs is rare; recently, however, a distinctive subset of cutaneous lupus erythematosus (LE, the prototypical AICTD) with neutrophilic histological features has been proposed to be included in the spectrum of lupus. The aim of our study was to test the validity of such a classification. We conducted a monocentric retrospective study of 7028 AICTDs patients. Among these 7028 patients, a skin biopsy was performed in 932 cases with mainly neutrophilic infiltrate on histology in 9 cases. Combining our 9 cases and an exhaustive literature review, pyoderma gangrenosum, Sweet syndrome (n = 49), Sweet-like ND (n = 13), neutrophilic urticarial dermatosis (n = 6), palisaded neutrophilic granulomatous dermatitis (n = 12), and histiocytoid neutrophilic dermatitis (n = 2) were likely to occur both in AICTDs and autoinflammatory diseases. Other NDs were specifically encountered in AICTDs: bullous LE (n = 71), amicrobial pustulosis of the folds (n = 28), autoimmunity-related ND (n = 24), ND resembling erythema gyratum repens (n = 1), and neutrophilic annular erythema (n = 1). The improvement of AICTDS neutrophilic lesions under neutrophil targeting therapy suggests possible common physiopathological pathways between NDs and AICTDs.
    Medicine 12/2014; 93(29):e346. DOI:10.1097/MD.0000000000000346 · 5.72 Impact Factor