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Ultrahigh quantum efficiency of CuO nanoparticle decorated In2Ge2O7 nanobelt deep-ultraviolet photodetectors

International Center for Materials Nanoarchitectonics (WPI-MANA), National Institute for Materials Science (NIMS), 1-1 Namiki, Tsukuba, Ibaraki 305-0044, Japan. .
Nanoscale (Impact Factor: 6.74). 08/2012; 4(20):6318-24. DOI: 10.1039/c2nr31791e
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Although there has been significant progress in the fabrication and performance optimization of 1-D nanostructure-based deep-ultraviolet photodetectors, it is still a challenge to develop an effective device with high performance characteristics, such as high photocurrent-dark current ratio and high quantum efficiency. Herein, an efficient and simple method to fabricate high performance CuO nanoparticle decorated In(2)Ge(2)O(7) nanobelt deep-ultraviolet photodetectors is presented. A CuO coated In(2)Ge(2)O(7) nanobelt based photodetector showed very high responsivity (7.34 × 10(5) A W(-1)) and high quantum efficiency (3.5 × 10(6)). The underlying mechanism is proposed to be the formation of p-n heterojunctions between decorated nanoparticles and nanobelts, which enhances the spatial separation of photogenerated electrons and holes. This study opens up a new horizon for creation of novel photodetectors with high quantum efficiency.

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