Health Care Experiences of Hispanics in New and Traditional US Destinations
ABSTRACT Over the past 15 years, striking new settlement patterns have emerged that have brought about unprecedented geographic dispersion in the population of approximately 45 million Hispanics in the United States. In this study, the authors compare the health care experiences of working age U.S.-born Mexican Americans and Mexican immigrants living in new and traditional Hispanic destinations. They use a geocoded version of the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey Household Component linked to contextual data from secondary sources. They characterize destinations as new or traditional using information on the percentage of the population that was Hispanic in 1990 and the growth in percent Hispanic between 1990 and 2000. The authors find that, compared with living in destinations with a well-established Hispanic presence, U.S.-born Mexican Americans living in new destinations have less favorable health care outcomes, including a greater probability of having an unmet need for or delay in receiving medical care and reduced satisfaction with care.
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ABSTRACT: Mexican immigrants to the U.S. are nearly three times more likely to be without health insurance than non-Hispanic native citizens. To inform strategies to increase the number of insured within this population, we elicited immigrants' understanding of health insurance and preferences for coverage. Nine focus groups with Mexican immigrants were conducted across the State of North Carolina. Qualitative, descriptive methods were used to assess people's understanding of health insurance, identify their perceived need for health insurance, describe perceived barriers to obtaining coverage, and prioritize the components of insurance that immigrants value most. Individuals have a basic understanding of health insurance and perceive it as necessary. Participants most valued insurance that would cover emergencies, make care affordable, and protect family members. Barriers to obtaining insurance included cost, concerns about immigration status discovery, and communication issues. Strategies that address immigrants' preferences for and barriers to insurance should be considered.Journal of Immigrant and Minority Health 02/2013; 16(4). DOI:10.1007/s10903-013-9794-8 · 1.16 Impact Factor