Flavored Cigar Smoking Among US Adults: Findings From the 2009-2010 National Adult Tobacco Survey
ABSTRACT INTRODUCTION: Under its authority to regulate tobacco products, the U.S. Food and Drug Administration prohibited certain characterizing flavors in cigarettes in September 2009; however, flavored cigars are still permitted to be manufactured, distributed, and sold. This study assessed the prevalence and correlates of flavored cigar smoking among U.S. adults. METHODS: Data were obtained from the 2009-2010 National Adult Tobacco Survey, a national landline and cell phone survey of adults aged ≥18 years old residing in the 50U.S. states and the District of Columbia. National and state estimates of flavored cigar use were calculated overall and among current cigar smokers; national estimates were calculated by sex, age, race/ethnicity, educational attainment, annual household income, U.S. Census Region, and sexual orientation. RESULTS: The national prevalence of flavored cigar smoking was 2.8% (95% confidence interval [CI] = 2.6%-3.1%; state range: 0.6%-5.7%) and was greater among those who were male, younger in age, non-Hispanic Other race, less educated, less wealthy, and lesbian, gay, bisexual, or transgendered (LGBT). Nationally, the prevalence of flavored cigar use among cigar smokers was 42.9% (95% CI = 40.1%-45.7%; state range: 11.1%-71.6%) and was greater among those who were female, younger in age, Hispanic, non-Hispanic Other race, less educated, less wealthy, and LGBT.Conclusions:More than two fifths of current cigar smokers report using flavored cigars. Disparities in flavored cigar use also exist across states and subpopulations. Efforts to curb flavored cigar smoking have the potential to reduce the prevalence of overall cigar smoking among U.S. adults, particularly among subpopulations with the greatest burden.
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Article: Tobacco use patterns.Journal of Environmental and Public Health 01/2012; 2012:564390. DOI:10.1155/2012/564390
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ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Non-Hispanic Asian Americans, Native Hawaiians/Pacific Islanders (NHs/PIs), and mixed-race individuals are the fastest growing segments of the US population. We examined prevalences and correlates of tobacco use among these understudied groups. Prevalences among whites were included as a comparison. METHODS: Data were drawn from the 2002-2010 National Surveys on Drug Use and Health. Respondents aged ≥12 years were assessed for current (past-month) use of cigarettes, cigars, smokeless tobacco (chewing tobacco, snuff), and pipe tobacco. Respondents' race/ethnicity, age, sex, household income, government assistance, urbanicity of residence, residential stability, self-rated health, alcohol use, and drug use were examined as correlates. RESULTS: Between 2002 and 2010, there was a decline in the prevalence of cigarette smoking among whites (26.9% in 2002; 24.3% in 2010) and Asian Americans (18.0% in 2002; 11.1% in 2010). Prevalence of pipe tobacco use among mixed-race individuals increased from 0.2% in 2002 to 1.6% in 2010; there was little change in the prevalence of cigar and smokeless tobacco use in these racial/ethnic groups. Adjusted analyses showed that, compared with Asian Americans, mixed-race individuals had greater odds of using four tobacco products, and NHs/PIs had greater odds of using cigarettes, cigars, and smokeless tobacco. Regardless of race/ethnicity, male sex was a correlate of use of cigars, smokeless tobacco, and pipe tobacco; alcohol and drug use increased the odds of cigarette and cigar smoking. CONCLUSIONS: These new findings show prevalent tobacco use among NHs/PIs and mixed-race individuals, and highlight the importance of including these populations in future research and reporting.Drug and alcohol dependence 02/2013; 132(1-2). DOI:10.1016/j.drugalcdep.2013.01.008 · 3.28 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: To identify longitudinal patterns of women's smoking during the pre-conception, perinatal, and early parenting period and describe risk factors distinguishing the different profiles. We conducted longitudinal latent class analysis of maternal smoking status over a 6-7 year period in a sample of 8,650 biological mothers of the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study-Birth Cohort, nationally representative of US births in 2001. Five latent classes were identified: pregnancy-inspired quitters (4.3 %), delayed initiators (5.1 %), persistent smokers (8.5 %), temporary quitters (10.4 %), and nonsmokers (71.7 %). These classes were distinguished by age, race/ethnicity, education, poverty status, marital status, parity, drinking behavior, and depression. For example, when compared to those with college degrees, those with less than a high school degree were at least five times as likely to be in the delayed initiator, temporary quitter, or persistent smoker classes (vs. the nonsmoker class). Heterogeneous longitudinal smoking patterns indicate the need for both prevention messages and cessation treatment continuing past parturition, tailored to fit individual profiles in order to achieve better health outcomes for both mothers and children.Maternal and Child Health Journal 06/2013; 18(4). DOI:10.1007/s10995-013-1305-y · 2.24 Impact Factor