Article

Photolysis of aqueous free chlorine species (HOCl and OCl–) with 254 nm ultraviolet light

Journal of Environmental Engineering and Science (Impact Factor: 0.94). 05/2007; 6:277-284. DOI: 10.1139/S06-052

ABSTRACT The quantum yields of the UV photolysis of free chlorine (OCl− and HOCl) at 254 nm were measured in a series of batch reactor experiments from pH 5 to 10 and at various concentrations. When the concentration of free chlorine is low (3.5 mg Cl/L) to moderate (70 mg Cl/L), the quantum yields of HOCl and OCl− are 1.0 ± 0.1 and 0.9 ± 0.1, respectively. When the concentration increases to higher levels (>70 mg Cl/L), the quantum yield of HOCl photolysis increases significantly, whereas the quantum yield of OCl − photolysis is essentially independent of concentration. In addition, based on the experimental results obtained in this research, a mathematic model was developed that can be used for the prediction of the quantum yield for the UV photolysis of free chlorine at 254 nm. The quantum yields predicted by this model agree very well with the measured data. Also, the dependence of free chlorine decomposition on the fluence (UV dose) and the effect of water quality on the quantum yield of free chlorine species were investigated in this research.

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