Operator-controlled Imaging Significantly Reduces Radiation Exposure during EVAR.
ABSTRACT Adoption of endovascular aneurysm repair (EVAR) has led to significant reductions in the short-term morbidity and mortality associated with abdominal aortic aneurysm (AAA) repair. However, EVAR may expose both patient and interventionalist to potentially harmful levels of radiation, particularly as more complex procedures are undertaken. The aim of this study was to assess whether changing from radiographer-controlled imaging to a system of operator-controlled imaging (OCI) would influence radiation exposure, screening time or contrast dose during EVAR.
Retrospective analysis identified patients that had undergone elective EVAR for infra-renal AAA before or after the change to operator-controlled imaging. Data were collected for radiation dose (measured as dose area product; DAP), screening time, total delivered contrast volume and operative duration. Data were also collected for maximum aneurysm diameter, patient age, gender and body mass index.
122 patients underwent EVAR for infra-renal AAA at a single centre between January 2011 and December 2011. 57 of these were prior to installation of OCI and 65 after installation. Median DAP was significantly lower after installation of OCI (4.9 mGy m(2); range 1.25-13.3) than it had been before installation (6.9 mGy m(2); range 1.91-95.0) (p = 0.005). Median screening times before and after installation of OCI were 20.0 min and 16.2 min respectively (p = 0.027) and median contrast volumes before and after the change to OCI were 100 ml and 90 ml respectively (p = 0.21).
Introduction of operator-controlled imaging can significantly reduce radiation exposure during EVAR, with particular reduction in the number of 'higher-dose' cases.
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ABSTRACT: Endovascular repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm (EVAR) requires the patient's extended exposure to x-rays, before, during, and after the intervention. The aim of this study was to determine the radiation exposure of patients undergoing EVAR and to assess the probability for the induction of both late and early radiation-related effects. During the period of May 2006 to December 2007 EVAR was carried out in 62 patients using a mobile C-arm unit. The following dosimetric quantities were assessed: fluoroscopy time, cumulative dose in air, dose-area product, field area, and peak skin dose. The duration of fluoroscopy and the body mass index were found to be the main factors that influence the radiation burden in our hospital. The mean effective dose per procedure, 6.2 mSv, was between that from a planar coronary angiography and a coronary angioplasty. Taking into account the computed tomography (CT) procedure-related angiographies carried out during the first year, patients receive a total effective dose of about 62 mSv within the first year. In vivo dosimetry showed that the peak skin dose was linearly correlated with cumulative dose in air and did not exceed 1.0 Gy, ie, it was less than the threshold for any acute skin reaction. Repair of abdominal aortic aneurysm results in substantial radiation burden. Radiation-related risks for carcinogenesis and skin injuries are factors that have to be taken into account in the selection of the strategy of each facility.Journal of vascular surgery: official publication, the Society for Vascular Surgery [and] International Society for Cardiovascular Surgery, North American Chapter 03/2009; 49(2):283-7; discussion 287. · 3.52 Impact Factor