Genome-wide association analyses identify three new susceptibility loci for primary angle closure glaucoma.

1] Singapore Eye Research Institute, Singapore National Eye Centre, Singapore. [2] Department of Ophthalmology, National University Health System & National University of Singapore, Singapore. [3] [4].
Nature Genetics (Impact Factor: 29.65). 08/2012; 44(10):1142-6. DOI: 10.1038/ng.2390
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Primary angle closure glaucoma (PACG) is a major cause of blindness worldwide. We conducted a genome-wide association study including 1,854 PACG cases and 9,608 controls across 5 sample collections in Asia. Replication experiments were conducted in 1,917 PACG cases and 8,943 controls collected from a further 6 sample collections. We report significant associations at three new loci: rs11024102 in PLEKHA7 (per-allele odds ratio (OR) = 1.22; P = 5.33 × 10(-12)), rs3753841 in COL11A1 (per-allele OR = 1.20; P = 9.22 × 10(-10)) and rs1015213 located between PCMTD1 and ST18 on chromosome 8q (per-allele OR = 1.50; P = 3.29 × 10(-9)). Our findings, accumulated across these independent worldwide collections, suggest possible mechanisms explaining the pathogenesis of PACG.

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    ABSTRACT: Supplementary information available for this article at
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    ABSTRACT: Epidemiological studies provide evidence of a genetic basis for primary angle closure glaucoma (PACG), and genome-wide association studies (GWAS) have identified various candidate genes as susceptibility loci. However, different results produced by previous studies make the role of a common genetic variant in the COL11A1 gene (rs3753841) remains elusive. Thus, we carried out a meta-analysis, attempting to determine the association of rs3753841 with PACG. Potentially relevant studies were identified by systematical computer-based searches. Selection of eligible studies was undertaken by two investigators according to inclusion criteria. The DerSimonian and Laird's method was performed to estimate pooled odds ratios (risk of PACG) under distinct genetic models. Heterogeneity was measured using the chi-square-based Q statistic test and I(2) metric. We found a significant association of COL11A1 rs3753841 with PACG among 26,365 subjects (5,594 cases and 20,771 controls) with Asian or Caucasian ancestry derived from a total of 15 studies. The association was more pronounced in individuals with the GG genotype (GG vs AA: odds ratio 1.26, 95% confidence interval 1.13-1.41; GG vs GA + AA: odds ratio 1.24, 95% confidence interval 1.12-1.38). In the stratified analyses, the statistical significance was retailed in Asians and the studies without Hardy-Weinberg equilibrium. Our meta-analysis including the large-scale study suggest that COL11A1 variant rs3753841 may confer higher susceptibility to PACG and provide additional insight into the mechanisms that underlie this most common subtype of glaucoma.
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