Article

Regulation from within: the cytoskeleton in transmembrane signaling

Department of Systems Biology, Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA, USA.
Trends in cell biology (Impact Factor: 12.31). 08/2012; 22(10):515-26. DOI: 10.1016/j.tcb.2012.07.006
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT There is mounting evidence that the plasma membrane is highly dynamic and organized in a complex manner. The cortical cytoskeleton is proving to be a particularly important regulator of plasmalemmal organization, modulating the mobility of proteins and lipids in the membrane, facilitating their segregation, and influencing their clustering. This organization plays a critical role in receptor-mediated signaling, especially in the case of immunoreceptors, which require lateral clustering for their activation. Based on recent developments, we discuss the structures and mechanisms whereby the cortical cytoskeleton regulates membrane dynamics and organization, and how the nonuniform distribution of immunoreceptors and their self-association may affect activation and signaling.

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