Self-Assembly of Highly Ordered Peptide Amphiphile Metalloporphyrin Arrays

Center for Nanoscale Materials, Argonne National Laboratory , Argonne, Illinois 60439, United States.
Journal of the American Chemical Society (Impact Factor: 11.44). 08/2012; 134(36):14646-9. DOI: 10.1021/ja304674d
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Long fibers assembled from peptide amphiphiles capable of binding the metalloporphyrin zinc protoporphyrin IX ((PPIX)Zn) have been synthesized. Rational peptide design was employed to generate a peptide, c16-AHL(3)K(3)-CO(2)H, capable of forming a β-sheet structure that propagates into larger fibrous structures. A porphyrin-binding site, a single histidine, was engineered into the peptide sequence in order to bind (PPIX)Zn to provide photophysical functionality. The resulting system indicates control from the molecular level to the macromolecular level with a high order of porphyrin organization. UV/visible and circular dichroism spectroscopies were employed to detail molecular organization, whereas electron microscopy and atomic force microscopy aided in macromolecular characterization. Preliminary picosecond transient absorption data are also reported. Reduced hemin, (PPIX)Fe(II), was also employed to highlight the material's versatility and tunability.

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Diphenylalanine (FF) microrods were obtained by manipulating the fabrication conditions. Fourier transform infrared (FTIR), circular dichroism (CD), fluorescence (FL) spectroscopy, and X-ray diffraction (XRD) measurements revealed the molecular arrangement within the FF microrods, demonstrating similar secondary structure and molecular arrangement within FF microtubes and nanofibers. Accordingly, a possible mechanism was proposed, which may provide important guidance on the design and assembly manipulation of peptides and other biomolecules. Furthermore, characterization of a single FF microrod indicates that the FF microrod can act as an active optical waveguide material, allowing locally excited photoluminescence to propagate along the length of the microrod with coupling out at the microrod tips.
    ACS Nano 03/2015; 9(3). DOI:10.1021/acsnano.5b00623 · 12.03 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Self-assembled functional nanoarchitectures are employed as important nanoscale building blocks for advanced materials and smart miniature devices to fulfill the increasing needs of high materials usage efficiency, low energy consumption, and high-performance devices. One-dimensional (1D) crystalline nanostructures, especially molecule-composed crystalline nanostructures, attract significant attention due to their fascinating infusion structure and functionality which enables the easy tailoring of organic molecules with excellent carrier mobility and crystal stability. In this review, we discuss the recent progress of 1D crystalline self-assembled nanostructures of functional molecules, which include both a small molecule-derived and a polymer-based crystalline nanostructure. The basic principles of the molecular structure design and the process engineering of 1D crystalline nanostructures are also discussed. The molecular building blocks, self-assembly structures, and their applications in optical, electrical, and photoelectrical devices are overviewed and we give a brief outlook on crucial issues that need to be addressed in future research endeavors. © 2014 WILEY-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim.
    Advanced Materials 02/2015; 27(6). DOI:10.1002/adma.201403846 · 15.41 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Molecular hydrogels of therapeutic agents are a novel kind of self-delivery system that can sustain release of drugs or pro-drugs. We have previously developed a molecular hydrogelator of folic acid (FA)-Taxol conjugate triggered by phosphatase. In this paper, we report a novel molecular hydrogelator system of FA-Taxol conjugates with improved synthetic strategy. The hydrogels are formed by the reduction of disulfide bond by glutathione (GSH). These hydrogels could sustain release of Taxol through ester bond hydrolysis. Compared with intravenous (i.v.) injection of clinically used Taxol® with four times the dosage, our hydrogel could inhibit tumor growth more efficiently by a single dose of intra-tumor (i.t.) administration. These observations suggested the big potential of this novel gelation system of Taxol for cancer therapy.
    Organic & Biomolecular Chemistry 08/2013; 11(40). DOI:10.1039/c3ob40969d · 3.49 Impact Factor