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Diseases of the Colon & Rectum (Impact Factor: 3.75). 09/2012; 55(9):e334-5. DOI: 10.1097/DCR.0b013e3182609408
Source: PubMed
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    ABSTRACT: Fifty-seven episodes of anorectal infection in 44 patients with malignant diseases primarily leukemia or lymphoma, have been retrospectively reviewed. Seventeen patients died in hospital, but only in seven cases was the anorectal infection a major contributing cause of death. The most important prognostic indicator of outcome was number of days of neutropenia during the infectious episode. Cultures obtained at the time of surgical drainage or by needle aspiration of the wound revealed multiple organisms in 26 of 29 instances, and anaerobic organisms were the commonest isolates. Anorectal infection was controlled in 28 (55%) of 51 treatment courses when antibiotics were the only treatment given. However, if the antibiotic regimen included both an aminoglycoside and an antibiotic with anaerobic coverage, control of infection was observed in 15 (88%) of 17 cases. There were 26 surgical procedures performed, with acceptable morbidity. Infection was controlled in 19 (73%) of 26 cases treated with surgery and antibiotics. The results support managing most of these infections initially with medical treatment, using an antibiotic regimen that includes an aminoglycoside and a specific drug against anaerobes. Surgery is recommended if there is obvious fluctuance, a significant amount of necrotic tissue evident, or progression of the infection locally or continued sepsis after an adequate antibiotic trial.
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    ABSTRACT: During a 6-year period, 16 (7.9%) of 202 patients with acute leukemia of both the lymphocytic and nonlymphocytic types developed perirectal infections. All patients were febrile and severely neutropenic (14 patients had absolute neutrophil counts of less than 100/mm3). Lesions were painful and indurated but lacked fluctuance. Urinary retention, peritoneal signs, and extension of the infection to the genitalia were common. Eleven patients had bacteremia, and an average of 2.1 enteric bacteria were recovered from samples of abscess fluid or blood. Perirectal lesions were operatively incised and debrided (10 patients), unless spontaneous drainage occurred (5 patients). These 15 patients became pain-free in less than 48 hours and afebrile in 2 to 8 days. Drained lesions healed in all. Thirteen of fifteen patients left the hospital, whereas 2 died in the hospital of unrelated causes. The only patient whose lesion was not drained died of continuous bacteremia. Early incision and debridement contributed to our patients' improved survival.
    Annals of internal medicine 05/1984; 100(4):515-8. · 17.81 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: The purpose of this study was to assess results of treatment of rectovaginal fistulas (excluding pouch vaginal fistulas) that have failed previous attempts at repair. A retrospective chart review of all patients presenting with nonhealing rectovaginal fistula was performed. Twenty eight patients with persistent fistulas were identified. In 18 patients the fistula was classified as simple, and in 10 the fistula was complex. Fourteen fistulas were secondary to obstetric injury, five were caused by Crohn's disease, and nine patients had miscellaneous etiologies for their fistulas. Of patients with persistent simple fistulas, 13 (72 percent) of the fistulas healed, 5 after advancement flaps, 5 following sphincteroplasty, and 3 after coloanal anastomoses. Of persistent complex fistulas, only four of ten (40 percent) healed, one following sphincteroplasty, one with coloanal anastomosis, and two after gracilis transposition. A total of 23 advancement flaps were done in 17 patients with five fistulas healing (29 percent). Sphincteroplasty and fistulectomy was successful in six of seven patients (86 percent). Coloanal anastomosis resulted in healing of four of six patients (67 percent) in whom it was attempted. Gracilis muscle transfer was successful in two of two patients (100 percent). Persistent rectovaginal fistula presents a difficult management problem. Choice of operation must be tailored to the underlying pathology and type of repair previously done. Advancement flap repair is generally not recommended for persistent complex fistulas or for simple fistulas that have failed a previous advancement flap repair.
    Diseases of the Colon & Rectum 10/1995; 38(9):921-5. DOI:10.1007/BF02049726 · 3.75 Impact Factor