Article

Dynamic breast MRI: does lower temporal resolution negatively affect clinical kinetic analysis?

Department of Radiology, Group Health, Tacoma Medical Center, Tacoma, WA 98405, USA.
American Journal of Roentgenology (Impact Factor: 2.74). 09/2012; 199(3):703-8. DOI: 10.2214/AJR.11.7836
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The purpose of this study was to compare the differences in kinetic assessments of lesions at breast MRI performed with higher and lower temporal resolution.
All consecutively evaluated BI-RADS category 4, 5, and 6 lesions imaged with breast MRI and pathologically confirmed from October 2005 to August 2009 were identified. Patients underwent MRI with one of two dynamic contrast-enhanced protocols: one with 90-second (October 2005-June 2006) and another with 180-second (July 2006-August 2009) temporal resolution. Studies were processed with a computer-aided evaluation system with initial and delayed contrast-enhanced time points with the k-space centered 90 and 450 seconds after contrast injection. Initial-phase peak enhancement, delayed-phase predominant curve type, and worst curve type were recorded and compared for benign and malignant lesions across protocols.
The analysis set comprised 993 lesions: 145 imaged with the 90-second acquisition (17 benign, 28 ductal carcinoma in situ [DCIS], 100 invasive cancer) and 848 imaged with the 180-second acquisition (212 benign, 145 DCIS, 491 invasive cancer). Peak enhancement was significantly higher for both benign lesions (p = 0.01) and invasive cancers (p = 0.0008) with the 180-second protocol. Peak enhancement of DCIS was similar in the two protocols (p = 0.88). Delayed-phase kinetics were similar for the two protocols for both benign and malignant lesions when defined by predominant or worst curve type.
Although it has lower temporal resolution, a 180-second acquisition may be preferable because it allows higher spatial resolution and captures higher initial-phase peak enhancement without loss of delayed-phase kinetic information.

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