Association between the CTGF-945C/G polymorphism and systemic sclerosis: A meta-analysis
ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: The -945C/G polymorphism of the connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) has been associated with systemic sclerosis, however, results were conflicted. The aim of this study was to validate the evidence for the CTGF -945C/G polymorphism and systemic sclerosis risk. METHODS: Electronic search of PubMed was conducted to select studies. Case-control studies containing available genotype frequencies of -945C/G were chosen, and odds ratio (OR) with 95% confidence interval (CI) was used to assess the strength of this association. RESULTS: Six published case-control studies including 3335 cases and 3589 controls were identified. The overall results suggested that the variant genotypes were not associated with the systemic sclerosis risk (OR=0.947, 95% CI: 0.792-1.132, p=0.55). The stratified analysis in Caucasian (OR=1.002, 95% CI: 0.837-1.2, p=0.788) did not suggest an association either. However, analysis in Asian (OR=0.632, 95% CI: 0.459-0.869, p=0.005) showed that CC/CG genotype greatly decreased the susceptibility of systemic sclerosis in a dominant model. Asymmetric funnel plot, the Egger's test (p=0.292), and the Begg's test (p=0.593) were all suggestive of the lack of publication bias. CONCLUSION: This meta-analysis supports that CC/CG genotype greatly decreased the susceptibility of systemic sclerosis in Asian. Due to the limited samples in subpopulations, further prospective studies with larger number of participants worldwide are needed to examine the association between the CTGF -945C/G polymorphism and systemic sclerosis.
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ABSTRACT: Objective Fibrogenic cytokines, such as transforming growth factor-beta 1 play a central role in the progression of liver fibrosis. Recently, functional gene polymorphisms in these cytokines have been identified, and some reports have validated the presence of associations between these polymorphisms and disease progression. Connective tissue growth factor (CTGF) is a stimulating factor for fibroblast proliferation and matrix production. This study aimed to examine the relationship between CTGF gene polymorphisms and the progression of hepatitis C virus (HCV)-related chronic liver disease, as well as the incidence and prognosis of hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). Methods A review was conducted among 235 HCV patients (117 patients with chronic hepatitis (CH) and 118 patients with liver cirrhosis (LC)). The CTGF gene polymorphism (rs6918698; -945 G/C) was identified according to the chimeric cycling probe method. The rate of liver fibrosis progression was measured using two liver fibrosis prediction formulas, the Forns index and the FibroIndex. All HCC patients were followed regularly every month. Results The frequency of the -945 C allele was higher among the LC patients than the CH patients. Regarding the rate of liver fibrosis progression over five years, C homozygotes tended to exhibit a faster rate than G carriers, although the difference was not significant. Among the LC patients, the C homozygotes demonstrated lower prothrombin times, higher rates of indocyanine green retention and higher Child-Pugh scores than the G carriers. There were no significant tendencies in the genotype distribution, irrespective of the status of HCC. However, the prognosis of HCC was poorer for the C homozygotes than for the G carriers. Conclusion A CTGF -945 C homozygote status is a significant risk factor for the progression of HCV-related chronic liver disease, including HCC.Internal Medicine 01/2014; 53(14):1461-8. DOI:10.2169/internalmedicine.53.1864 · 0.97 Impact Factor