Available from: Jon van Rood, Apr 26, 2015
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    ABSTRACT: Muscular dystrophies (MDs) are a heterogeneous group of diseases, caused by mutations in different components of sarcolemma, extracellular matrix, or enzymes. Inflammation and innate or adaptive immune response activation are prominent features of MDs. Various therapies under development are directed toward rescuing the dystrophic muscle damage using gene transfer or cell therapy. Here we discussed current knowledge about involvement of immune system responses to experimental therapies in MDs.
    BioMed Research International 01/2014; 2014:818107. DOI:10.1155/2014/818107 · 2.71 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Minor histocompatibility (H) antigens are key molecules driving allo-immune responses in both graft-versus-host-disease (GvHD) and in graft-versus-leukemia (GvL) reactivity in human leukocyte antigen (HLA)-matched hematopoietic stem-cell transplantation (HSCT). Dissection of the dual function of minor H antigens became evident through their different modes of tissue and cell expression, i.e. hematopoietic system-restricted or broad. Broadly expressed minor H antigens can cause both GvHD and GvL effects, while hematopoietic system-restricted minor H antigens are more prone to induce GvL responses. This phenomenon renders the latter group of minor H antigens as curative tools for HSCT-based immunotherapy of hematological malignancies and disorders, in which minor H antigen-specific responses are enhanced in order to eradicate the malignant cells. This article describes the immunogenetics of minor H antigens and methods that have been developed to identify them. Moreover, it summarizes the clinical relevance of minor H antigens in transplantation, with special regards to allogeneic HSCT and solid-organ transplantation.
    Tissue Antigens 10/2014; 84(4). DOI:10.1111/tan.12445 · 2.35 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Over the last decade, advances in genetic technologies have accelerated our understanding of the genetic diversity across individuals and populations. Case-control and population-based studies have led to several thousand genetic associations across a range of phenotypes and traits being unveiled. Despite widespread and successful use of organ transplantation as a curative therapy for organ failure, genetic research has yet to make a major impact on transplantation practice aside from HLA matching. New studies indicate that non-HLA loci, termed minor histocompatibility antigens (mHAs), may play an important role in graft rejection. With several million common and rare polymorphisms observed between any two unrelated individuals, a number of these polymorphisms represent mHAs, and may underpin transplantation rejection. Genetic variation is also recognized as contributing to clinical outcomes including response to immunosuppressants, introducing the possibility of genotype-guided prescribing in the very near future. This review summarizes existing knowledge of the impact of genetics on transplantation outcomes and therapeutic responses, and highlights the translational potential that new genomic knowledge may bring to this field.
    American Journal of Transplantation 03/2014; 14(4). DOI:10.1111/ajt.12653 · 6.19 Impact Factor