Postoperative adhesion formation continues to be a significant surgical complication, and methods for preventing abdominopelvic adhesions remain limited. Halofuginone (HF) is a type-1 collagen synthesis inhibitor and may enhance the effects of a physical barrier in preventing adhesion formation. We evaluated the effectiveness of a HF infused keratin hydrogel on preventing adhesions in a rat cecal abrasion model.
Material and methods:
Laparotomy and standardized cecal abrasion was performed on 58 retired-breeder Sprague Dawley female rats to induce intra-abdominal adhesions. Rats were randomized to: no treatment; Interceed absorbable adhesion barrier; keratin hydrogel alone; or keratin hydrogel infused with 22 μg/mL of HF. Necropsies were performed at postop d-14 to assess the extent and tenacity of adhesions and grade histologic inflammation and fibrosis using a standard scoring system. Serum, liver, kidneys, and lungs were harvested to evaluate tissue HF concentrations. Protein and drug elution curves were generated to assess the release of HF from the hydrogel.
Treatment with Keratin-HF hydrogel resulted in significantly fewer abdominal adhesions than any other treatment, and significantly less dense adhesions compared with Interceed or keratin hydrogel alone. Subset histologic analysis did not reveal qualitative differences. HF was undetectable in serum and kidneys, and detected at negligible concentrations in liver and lungs. Keratin-HF hydrogel drug release in phosphate-buffered solution (PBS) was sustained over 7 d and correlated with keratin protein degradation.
Keratin-HF hydrogel is a novel therapeutic agent that may provide a better method for preventing the development of postoperative adhesions using a combined physical barrier and pharmacologic approached.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Objective: Postoperative pleural adhesions lead to major problems in repeated thoracic surgery. To date, no antiadhesive product has been proven clinically effective. Previous studies of differently charged polypeptides, poly-L-lysine (PL) and poly-L-glutamate (PG) have shown promising results reducing postoperative abdominal adhesions in experimental settings. This pilot study examined the possible pleural adhesion prevention by using the PL+PG concept after pleural surgery and its possible effect on key parameters; plasmin activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) and tissue growth factor beta 1 (TGFb) in the fibrinolytic process.
Methods: A total of 22 male rats were used in the study, one control group (n=10) and one experimental group (n=12). All animals underwent primary pleural surgery, the controls receiving saline in the pleural cavity and the experimental group the PL+PG solution administered by spray. The animals were evaluated on day 7. Macroscopic appearance of adhesions was evaluated by a scoring system. Histology slides of the adhesions and pleural biopsies for evaluation of PAI-1 and TGFb1 were taken on day 7.
Results: A significant reduction of adhesions in the PL+PG group (p<0.05) was noted at day 7 both regarding the length and severity of adhesions. There were no significant differences in the concentration of PAI-1 and TGFb1 when comparing the two groups.
Conclusions: PL+PG may be used to prevent pleural adhesions. The process of fibrinolysis, and fibrosis was though not affected after PLPG administration.
International journal of medical sciences 10/2013; 10(12):1720-6. DOI:10.7150/ijms.6651 · 2.00 Impact Factor
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: To investigate the effects of lipoic acid in the prevention of postoperative pelvic adhesions by a visual scoring system and immunohistochemistry in a rat uterine horn model with full thickness injury.
Twenty-eight female Wistar albino rats were randomised into four groups: uterine trauma control, 15 days and 30 days, and uterine trauma + lipoic acid, 15 days and 30 days. A full thickness defect was established by incising a segment of approximately 1.0 cm in length from each uterine horn, leaving the mesometrium intact. Extension and severity of the adhesions in each group were scored by a visual scoring system and evaluated immunohistochemically.
Adhesion scores were 2.00±0.81, 2.14±0.69 0.71±0.75, and 0.85±0.69 for extent and 2.28±0.48, 2.14±0.69, 0.85±0.69, and 1.14±0.69 for severity in Groups 1, 2, 3 and 4, respectively. Adhesion extent and severity were significantly less for groups treated by lipoic acid but no difference was observed between long and short administration. Both Vitronectin and u-PAR staining were significantly increased in treatment groups when compared to the control group.
Lipoic acid was found to be effective in reducing postoperative adhesion formation in a rat model.
Journal of the Turkish German Gynecology Association 06/2013; 14(2):76-80. DOI:10.5152/jtgga.2013.22129
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Adhesions can form after almost any type of abdominal surgery. Postoperative adhesions can be prevented by improved surgical techniques, such as reducing surgical trauma, preventing ischemia, and avoiding exposure of the peritoneal cavity to foreign materials. Although improved surgical techniques can potentially reduce formation of adhesions, they cannot be eliminated completely. Therefore, finding more effective methods to prevent postoperative adhesions is imperative. Recently, we found that a novel thermosensitive hydrogel, ie, poly(ε-caprolactone)-poly(ethylene glycol)-poly(ε-caprolactone) (PCEC) had the potential to prevent postoperative adhesions. Using the ring-opening polymerization method we prepared a PCEC copolymer which could be dissolved and assembled at 55°C into PCEC micelles with mean size of 25 nm. At body temperature, a solution containing PCEC micelles could convert into a hydrogel. The PCEC copolymer was biodegradable and had low toxicity in vitro and in vivo. We found that most animals in a hydrogel-treated group (n = 10) did not develop adhesions. In contrast, 10 untreated animals developed adhesions that could only be separated by sharp dissection (P < 0.001). The hydrogel could adhere to peritoneal wounds and degraded gradually over 7-9 days, transforming into a viscous fuid that was completely absorbed within 12 days. The injured parietal and visceral peritoneum remesothelialized over about seven and nine days, respectively. This study confirms that PCEC hydrogel has potential application in the prevention of postoperative adhesions.
International Journal of Nanomedicine 07/2013; 8:2453-63. DOI:10.2147/IJN.S46357 · 4.38 Impact Factor
Liang Zhu, Huaxiang Wu, Xinyu Wu, Wenjia Sun, Ting Zhang, Lv Ye, Wenwen Wang, Jianqing Wang
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