Article

A Review of the Ethnobotany and Pharmacological Importance of Alstonia boonei De Wild (Apocynaceae).

Department of Chemistry, School of Physical Sciences, University of Cape Coast, Cape Coast, Ghana.
ISRN pharmacology 01/2012; 2012:587160. DOI: 10.5402/2012/587160
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Alstonia boonei De Wild is a herbal medicinal plant of West African origin, popularly known as God's tree or "Onyame dua". Within West Africa, it is considered as sacred in some forest communities; consequently the plant parts are not eaten. The plant parts have been traditionally used for its antimalarial, aphrodisiac, antidiabetic, antimicrobial, and antipyretic activities, which have also been proved scientifically. The plant parts are rich in various bioactive compounds such as echitamidine, Nα-formylechitamidine, boonein, loganin, lupeol, ursolic acid, and β-amyrin among which the alkaloids and triterpenoids form a major portion. The present paper aims at investigating the main research undertaken on the plant in order to provide sufficient baseline information for future work and for commercial exploitation.

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May 22, 2014