Translocation of a heterogeneous polymer
ABSTRACT We present results on the sequence dependence of translocation kinetics for a partially charged heteropolymer moving through a very thin pore using theoretical tools and Langevin dynamics simulational techniques. The chain is composed of two types of monomers of differing frictional interaction with the pore and charge. We present exact analytical expressions for passage probability, mean first passage time, and mean successful passage times for both reflecting/absorbing and absorbing/absorbing boundary conditions, showing rich and unexpected dependence of translocation behavior on charge fraction, distribution along the chain, and electric field configuration. We find excellent qualitative and good quantitative agreement between theoretical and simulation results. Surprisingly, there emerges a threshold charge fraction of a diblock copolymer beyond which the success rate of translocation is independent of charge fraction. Also, the mean successful translocation time of a diblock copolymer displays non-monotonic behavior with increasing length of the charged block; there is an optimum length of the charged block where the mean translocation rate is the slowest; and there can be a substantial range of higher charge fractions which make the translocation slower than even a minimally charged chain. Additionally, we find for a fixed total charge on the chain, finer distribution along the backbone significantly decreases mean translocation time.
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ABSTRACT: We investigate the effectiveness of charge patterns along a nanopore on translocation dynamics of a flexible polyelectrolyte. We perform a three dimensional Langevin dynamics simulation of a uniformly charged flexible polyelectrolyte translocating under uniform external electric field through a solid-state nanopore. We maintain the total charge along the pore to be constant, while varying its distribution by placing alternate charged and uncharged sections of different lengths along the pore length. Longest average translocation time is observed for a pattern corresponding to an optimum section length, with a major delay in the translocation time during the pore ejection stage. This optimum section length is independent of lengths of polyelectrolyte and pore within the range studied. A theory based on the Fokker-Planck formalism is found to successfully describe the observed trends with reasonable quantitative agreement.The Journal of Chemical Physics 04/2014; 140(13):135102. DOI:10.1063/1.4869862 · 3.12 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Gauging the interactions of a natively unfolded Parkinson disease-related protein, alpha-synuclein (α-syn) with membranes and its pathways between and within cells is important for understanding its pathogenesis. Here, to address these questions, we use a robust β-barrel channel, α-hemolysin, reconstituted into planar lipid bilayers. Transient, ∼95% blockage of the channel current by α-syn was observed when 1), α-syn was added from the membrane side where the shorter (stem) part of the channel is exposed; and 2), the applied potential was lower on the side of α-syn addition. While the on-rate of α-syn binding to the channel strongly increased with the applied field, the off-rate displayed a turnover behavior. Statistical analysis suggests that at voltages >50 mV, a significant fraction of the α-syn molecules bound to the channel undergoes subsequent translocation. The observed on-rate varied by >100 times depending on the bilayer lipid composition. Removal of the last 25 amino acids from the highly negatively charged C-terminal of α-syn resulted in a significant decrease in the binding rates. Taken together, these results demonstrate that β-barrel channels may serve as sensitive probes of α-syn interactions with membranes as well as model systems for studies of channel-assisted protein transport.Biophysical Journal 02/2014; 106(3):556-65. DOI:10.1016/j.bpj.2013.12.028 · 3.83 Impact Factor
Biophysical Journal 01/2013; 104(2):52-. DOI:10.1016/j.bpj.2012.11.331 · 3.83 Impact Factor