Decreased expression of the carboxyl terminus of heat shock cognate 70 interacting protein in human gastric cancer and its clinical significance.
ABSTRACT The carboxyl terminus of heat shock cognate 70 interacting protein (CHIP) is an E3 ubiquitin ligase, which can promote ubiquitylation and degradation of many tumor-related proteins. However, the expression of CHIP in human gastric cancer has not been investigated. In this study, the mRNA and protein levels of CHIP expression in 53 cases of gastric cancer and matched normal tissues were determined by quantitative real-time PCR, western blotting and immunohistochemistry. We showed that CHIP was registered from basal to middle portions of normal gastric mucosa. CHIP expression was notably decreased or lost in human gastric cancer samples compared with the matched normal non-cancer samples. The correlations between CHIP downregulation and the clinicopathological characteristics were also evaluated. The expression of CHIP was significantly lower in the gastric cancer samples compared to the matched normal samples at both mRNA and protein levels (P<0.05 and P<0.05, respectively). More importantly, the downregulation of CHIP was correlated with TNM stage (P=0.048) and lymph node metastasis (P=0.010) at the mRNA levels. In addition, the downregulation of CHIP was correlated with lymph node metastasis (P=0.021) and tumor differentiation (P=0.009) at the protein levels. Taken together, at both mRNA and protein levels, the decreased expression of CHIP was correlated with lymph node metastasis. Furthermore, our study suggests that a negative correlation exists between CHIP expression and tumor malignancy in human gastric cancer.
- SourceAvailable from: Michael Braun[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Breast cancer is a multifactorial disease. A spectrum of internal and external factors contributes to the disease promotion such as a genetic predisposition, chronic inflammatory processes, exposure to toxic compounds, abundant stress factors, a shift-worker job, etc. The cumulative effects lead to high incidence of breast cancer in populations worldwide. Breast cancer in the USA is currently registered with the highest incidence rates amongst all cancer related patent cohorts. Currently applied diagnostic approaches are frequently unable to recognise early stages in tumour development that impairs individual outcomes. Early diagnosis has been demonstrated to be highly beneficial for significantly enhanced therapy efficacy and possibly full recovery. Actual paper shows that the elaboration of an integrative diagnostic approach combining several levels of examinations creates a robust platform for the reliable risk assessment, targeted preventive measures and more effective treatments tailored to the person in the overall task of breast cancer management. The levels of examinations are proposed, and innovative technological approaches are described in the paper. The absolute necessity to create individual patient profiles and extended medical records is justified for the utilising by routine medical services. Expert recommendations are provided to promote further developments in the field.The EPMA journal. 02/2013; 4(1):6.