Decreased expression of the carboxyl terminus of heat shock cognate 70 interacting protein in human gastric cancer and its clinical significance.
ABSTRACT The carboxyl terminus of heat shock cognate 70 interacting protein (CHIP) is an E3 ubiquitin ligase, which can promote ubiquitylation and degradation of many tumor-related proteins. However, the expression of CHIP in human gastric cancer has not been investigated. In this study, the mRNA and protein levels of CHIP expression in 53 cases of gastric cancer and matched normal tissues were determined by quantitative real-time PCR, western blotting and immunohistochemistry. We showed that CHIP was registered from basal to middle portions of normal gastric mucosa. CHIP expression was notably decreased or lost in human gastric cancer samples compared with the matched normal non-cancer samples. The correlations between CHIP downregulation and the clinicopathological characteristics were also evaluated. The expression of CHIP was significantly lower in the gastric cancer samples compared to the matched normal samples at both mRNA and protein levels (P<0.05 and P<0.05, respectively). More importantly, the downregulation of CHIP was correlated with TNM stage (P=0.048) and lymph node metastasis (P=0.010) at the mRNA levels. In addition, the downregulation of CHIP was correlated with lymph node metastasis (P=0.021) and tumor differentiation (P=0.009) at the protein levels. Taken together, at both mRNA and protein levels, the decreased expression of CHIP was correlated with lymph node metastasis. Furthermore, our study suggests that a negative correlation exists between CHIP expression and tumor malignancy in human gastric cancer.
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ABSTRACT: Breast cancer is a multifactorial disease. A spectrum of internal and external factors contributes to the disease promotion such as a genetic predisposition, chronic inflammatory processes, exposure to toxic compounds, abundant stress factors, a shift-worker job, etc. The cumulative effects lead to high incidence of breast cancer in populations worldwide. Breast cancer in the USA is currently registered with the highest incidence rates amongst all cancer related patent cohorts. Currently applied diagnostic approaches are frequently unable to recognise early stages in tumour development that impairs individual outcomes. Early diagnosis has been demonstrated to be highly beneficial for significantly enhanced therapy efficacy and possibly full recovery. Actual paper shows that the elaboration of an integrative diagnostic approach combining several levels of examinations creates a robust platform for the reliable risk assessment, targeted preventive measures and more effective treatments tailored to the person in the overall task of breast cancer management. The levels of examinations are proposed, and innovative technological approaches are described in the paper. The absolute necessity to create individual patient profiles and extended medical records is justified for the utilising by routine medical services. Expert recommendations are provided to promote further developments in the field.The EPMA journal. 02/2013; 4(1):6.
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ABSTRACT: E3 ubiquitin ligases have an important role in carcinogenesis and include a large family of proteins that catalyze the ubiquitination of many protein substrates for targeted degradation by the 26S proteasome. So far, E3 ubiquitin ligases have been reported to have a role in a variety of biological processes including cell cycle regulation, cell proliferation, and apoptosis. Recently, several kinds of E3 ubiquitin ligases were demonstrated to be generally highly expressed in gastric cancer (GC) tissues and to contribute to carcinogenesis. In this review, we summarize the current knowledge and information about the clinical significance of E3 ubiquitin ligases in GC. Bortezomib, a proteasome inhibitor, encouraged the evaluation of other components of the ubiquitin proteasome system for pharmaceutical intervention. The clinical value of novel treatment strategies targeting aberrant E3 ubiquitin ligases for GC are discussed in the review.World journal of gastroenterology : WJG. 01/2015; 21(3):786-793.
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ABSTRACT: The carboxyl terminus of Hsp70-interacting protein (CHIP) is a member of E3 ubiquitin ligase, functioning as a link between the chaperone (heat shock protein 70/90) and proteasome systems, playing a vital role in maintaining the protein homeostasis in the cytoplasm. CHIP has been demonstrated to be involved in tumorigenesis, proliferation and invasion in several malignancies, regulating a number of oncogenic proteins. However, CHIP has also been implicated in the modulation of tumor suppressor proteins. The pathogenic mechanism of CHIP expression in human malignancy is not yet clear, and a number of studies have suggested that CHIP may have opposing roles in different cancers. Therefore, many studies have focused on the relationship between CHIP and carcinoma. A literature search focusing on regulation network, biological function and clinical significance of CHIP in connection with its role in cancer development was performed on the MEDLINE databases. CHIP may be a potential diagnostic biomarker and therapeutic target for human cancer, and may play different roles in different human cancers. This inconsistence might be induced by the diversity of CHIP downstream targeting proteins. Therefore, the phenotypes determined by CHIP should be dependent on the function of its specific targets in a specific type of cancer cells. Whether CHIP contributes to tumor progression or suppression in various human cancers remains unclear, suggesting the necessity of further extensive investigation of its role in tumorigenesis.Journal of Cancer Research and Clinical Oncology 12/2013; · 2.91 Impact Factor